With Arctic, Antarctica, cold down in Northwest Indiana, many local residents will be inside, stored under blankets or warming by the fireplace.
But for those who have no choice but to be outside, regional medical experts are giving warnings for various health injuries to take care of.
In addition to the obvious risks of frost and hypothermia – which can lead to amputation and at worst death – there is potential for skin allergy, shortness of breath, even heart attack. People with pre-existing conditions must be particularly careful. "
" Patients with difficulty breathing, such as COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and asthma, may find this extreme cold can exacerbate this breathing and exacerbate their conditions, "said Dr. Mary Raymond, a trainee at St. Franciscan Physician Network St. John Health Center
"Patients with arthritis often find this weather to aggravate their joint pain and make simple tasks more challenging. Patients with peripheral arterial disease may find the bitter cold exacerbates their extremity pain, especially in their hands and feet. "
Lori Postma, a French teacher of health hospitals in Dyer, Hammond and Munster, showed some signs that the cold affects your health, except for just shaking: slurred speech, clumsy movements, fatigue, confused behavior, skin discoloration, "Cold weather may increase the risk of heart attack ck," said sheila pochron, director of emergency services and critical care of the Methodist hospitals. "Your heart is working harder to keep you warm, leading to increased heart rate and blood pressure. "
She also recommended running a humid indoor to protect against dry skin and mucous membranes."
"If you are the immune system, you certainly will not respond to the cold," noted Dr. Gloria Okereke from Primary Healthcare Associates in Calumet City affiliated with the UChicago Ingalls Memorial.
"When exposed to cold, our body struggles in various mechanisms to keep us warm, we start shaking. If other people's health is compromised, it reduces their response. Those are the patients who really really need to "Protect yourself from cold."
Some people, especially younger adults, are susceptible to cold urticaria, a skin allergy characterized by red itching hives, she said.
Okereke also noted that people with mental illness or abusing alcohol can reject the severity of the cold.