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Which groups are still dying of Covid in the United States?



Deaths from Covid-19 have fallen 90 percent in the United States since their peak in January, according to preliminary data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

However, as the nation reopens and restrictions are lifted, the virus continues to kill hundreds of people daily. At the end of May, there were still nearly 2,500 weekly deaths attributed to Covid-19.

Weekly Covid-1
9 deaths

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

Weekend
December 19, 2020

April 24, 2021

March 13, 2021

Vaccine shots began

All adults are eligible for the vaccine

100 million doses administered

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Note: Recent weeks are probably undercounties. Data are from June 9 in weeks ending December 5, 2020 through May 22, 2021.

More than half of the U.S. population has received at least one dose of the Covid-19 vaccine, and it is the remaining unvaccinated population that runs the long-term deaths, experts say.

After the first vaccines were approved for emergency use in December with priority given to the elderly population before younger groups, the proportion of dying people aged 75 or older immediately began to decline.

In turn, younger populations began to account for higher rates of Covid-19 deaths compared to their rates at the peak of the pandemic – a trend that continued as vaccination eligibility opened up to all adults. While the number of deaths fell in all age groups, about half of Covid-19 deaths are now people aged 50 to 74, compared to just a third in December.

Proportion of Covid-19 deaths by age group

Groups whose share of the total number of deaths decreased and increased from December to May

25%

50%

75%





Weekend
December 19, 2020

April 24, 2021

March 13, 2021

75+

Under 30 years

30 to 49

50 to 74

Vaccine shots began

All adults are eligible for the vaccine

100 million doses administered

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Note: Recent weeks are probably undercounties. Data are from June 9 in weeks ending December 5, 2020 through May 22, 2021.

“Earlier, in the beginning of the pandemic, we saw people who were over 60 years old and who have several comorbidities,” said Dr. Krutika Kuppalli, an infectious disease expert at the Medical University of South Carolina. “I do not see that much more.” Instead, she said recent admissions are skewed toward “people who are younger, people who have not been vaccinated.”

More than 80 percent of those 65 and older have received at least one dose of a Covid-19 vaccine, compared with about half of those aged 25 to 64 who received a dose. Data collected by the CDC on so-called breakthrough infections – those that occur for vaccinated people – suggest a very low death rate among people who had received a Covid-19 vaccine.

“I still think the story is sadly out there with younger people that they don’t like the side effects related to Covid,” said Dr. Kuppalli, who added that young people can still experience serious consequences of the virus.

Yet those 50 and older still make up the majority of Covid-19 deaths. Among this cohort, white Americans drive the shifts in death patterns. At the height of the pandemic, those who were white and 75 years and older accounted for more than half of all Covid-19 deaths. Now they make up less than a third.

Proportion of Covid-19 deaths by race and age

Groups whose share of the total number of deaths decreased and increased from December to May

Age 50 to 74

25%

50%





Weekend
December 19, 2020

April 24, 2021

March 13, 2021

Latin American

Asian

Black

white

Vaccine shots began

All adults are eligible for the vaccine

100 million doses administered

Age 75+

25%

50%





Weekend
December 19, 2020

April 24, 2021

March 13, 2021

Latin American

Asian

white

Black

Vaccine shots began

All adults are eligible for the vaccine

100 million doses administered

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Note: Recent weeks are probably undercounties. Data are from June 9 in weeks ending December 5, 2020 through May 22, 2021. Asian, black, and white values ​​refer to non-Spanish groups. Not all race groups are included.

Middle-aged populations in all racial groups account for a higher proportion of Covid-19 deaths compared to their proportions in December.

However, the scale of deaths is not uniform everywhere, and cumulative vaccination rates among black and Hispanic populations continue to lag behind Asian and white populations, according to CDC demographic data.

The steepest declines have been in elderly white patients and also Asians under 30, a group whose weekly deaths in Covid-19 were in the individual digits, even below the height of the pandemic.

Percentage change in deaths from Covid-19 from December to May

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Note: Data is per. June 9. Table shows change from week ending 5 December 2020 to week ending 22 May 2021. Asian, black and white values ​​refer to non-Spanish groups. Not all race groups are included.

The remaining deaths are mainly driven by those who have not yet been vaccinated, said Dr. Kuppalli and described two main groups within this population: those who choose not to be vaccinated due to misinformation and politicization around the vaccine, and those who remain unvaccinated because of other factors, including access.

“I think we still have work to do with this population. Especially in hard-to-reach populations, such as rural populations, ethnic and racial minority populations, homeless populations, people who do not have access to medical care. ”

Covid-19 deaths are still prevalent in certain groups.

While deaths from the virus in nursing homes have fallen more than 90 percent since December, about 200 people a week still die from Covid-19 in the facilities, which make up seven percent of all deaths from the virus nationwide.

Proportion of Covid-19 deaths by place of death

Groups whose share of the total number of deaths decreased and increased from December to May

25%

50%

75%

100%




Weekend
December 19, 2020

April 24, 2021

March 13, 2021

Nursing home

Health care setting

The patient’s home

Vaccine shots began

All adults are eligible for the vaccine

100 million doses administered

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Note: Recent weeks are probably undercounties. Data are from June 9 in weeks ending December 5, 2020 through May 22, 2021. Not all locations are included.

The proportion of Covid-19 death records that mention conditions such as diabetes and hypertensive diseases has also become equal to their proportions during the height of the pandemic.

While there is no longer a large epicenter, the death rate is still high in small pockets across the country.


Covid-19 death rate across the country





Seven-day average of deaths per 100,000

Seven-day average of deaths per 100,000

Seven-day average of deaths per 100,000


Source: New York Times database of reports from state and local health agencies and hospitals Note: Deaths include both confirmed and probable deaths from Covid-19. Data is per. May 22

“It may be something that has been with us for some time,” said Dr. Gavin Harris, who works in the intensive care units at Emory University Hospital. “If we do not reach 75 percent, 70 percent of the people who have vaccinations, we will see a significant number of deaths in a very long period of time.”


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