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What's next for Algeria? | News



Algeria's military has historically played a significant role in choosing the country's civilian leaders.

In 1992, President Chadli Bendjedid was shown by the way to President Liamine Zeroual.

Then in 1999, Zeroual was forced to quit and Abdelaziz Bouteflika was elected president

And on April 2, after six weeks of largely peaceful mass protests, Bouteflika submitted his resignation after Army Chief of Staff Ahmed Gaid Salah called for his immediate departure on account of his failing health. 19659004] But Algerians today are more preoccupied with the government that Bouteflika left behind than they are about the military.

Under articles 1

02 and 104 of the Algerian Constitution, which regulate the process of removing an ailing or deceased head of state, New government cannot be appointed until a presidential election is held.

An attempt to appease protesters, Bouteflika, just days before he stepped down, announced th e formation of a new caretaker government that saw the appointment of 21 new ministers out of a total of 27.

The reshuffle, which included keeping newly appointed Prime Minister Noureddine Bedoui in place, failed to placate demonstrators.

Abiding by the constitution

Many of those Algerians who have taken to the streets more than a month to demand and to the ruling order have said they do not want Bouteflika's close associates to remain in power. change, "said Dalia Ghanem, political analyst at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. "By that, they mean the departure of all these people who have been supporting Bouteflika."

"They want the departure of business tycoons. They also want the military to support them, yet return to the barracks. 't get the military to handle the transition.'

Bedoui is close to the former president's powerful brother, Said Bouteflika, who approached Zeroual and offered him the opportunity to lead the transitional government, in a last-attempt attempt to secure a transition for the ruling elite

daily daily newspaper Khabar newspaper, which has retired intelligence chief Mohamed Mediene on March 30, with Said's blessing,

Senate Chief Abdelkader Bensalah – a longtime Bouteflika ally – is now acting president

Many, including members of Algeria's opposition, as well as the hundreds of thousands of protesters who took part in the popular movement against Bouteflika's rule, are questioning whether or not According to say, Gaid Salah was probably hoping Algerians would accept highly unpopular figures to lead the country during the transition period.

"[Gaid Salah] must now know the people in the coming days that have the trio, made up of Abdelkader Bensalah as the head of state, Noureddine Bedoui as the head of government and Tayeb Belaiz as head of the constitutional council, was the ultimate goal of the millions of protesters during these six weeks, "wrote journalist El Kadi Ihsane.

" And that they must make you [with the leaders they have] to create the Algeria of tomorrow. "

Hundreds of thousands of Algerians took to the streets to call for Bouteflika's resignation [Zohra Bensemra/Reuters]

Ultimate arbiter

Although the military stepped in to force Bouteflika out, it is unclear how much Algeria's most powerful and best-organized institution

Gaid Salah was himself a close confidant of the president and has only recently switched sides, defending the army's intervention as indispensable for the country's "unity and territorial integrity".

In a column published by TSA Algeria, Abed Charef, a political analyst, wrote that strictly abiding by the constitution might allow the cluster of ruling party officials, bureaucrats and tycoons that profited from preferential access to lucrative state contracts, to organize and work out a succession plan

"A presidential election organized at the end of the [transition] could allow the system to fix the question of power but constitutes a dangerous option for the country," he wrote.

"Because putting in place a succession plan with the current mechanism and with the same actors could result in the renewal of a reinvigorated system, free of its most negative symbols. "

If protests persist, the army may dec The idea of ​​violating the Constitution and again in order to rid the government of Bouteflika loyalists.

A serious, and perhaps long, dialogue needs to take place about the values, laws and spirit of the new republic, Charef wrote.


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