The White House shifted its focus this week from the flood of families crossing the US-Mexico border to the hundreds of thousands of immigrants arriving in the US legally and then illegally in the country after their visa expires.
Although President Trump has settled on the increasing number of Central American families claiming asylum at the southern border, he also promised during his campaign that expulsion of those exceeding their legal visas would be a priority for his administration.
Trump on Monday issued a presidential memo that declared visa overspeed "unacceptably high" and calls them a "widespread problem". The basis of a recent homeland security report, he instructed federal agencies to consider actions against business travelers and tourists – using the popular B1 and B2 visas that exceed a rate higher than 10 percent.  Twenty countries have exceeded the residence permit validity rates higher than 10 percent, according to the Homeland Security report. Apart from Syria and Nigeria, these countries accounted for fewer than 1,000 crossovers.
Trump gave the State Department four months to consult home security officials and the lawyer general to recommend sanctions he said could include revocation or limitation of visas to those countries.
But some analysts say targeting these countries would have little impact on the total number of undocumented immigrants in the United States. Using the percentage of assault as a measure is also disproportionately targeted at African countries – 13 out of 20 countries are in Africa – while avoiding political conflicts with larger and more powerful countries such as China and India.
Djibouti, a small nation in the Horn of Africa, has the highest visa increase rate – but it only exceeds 180 of the 403 business travelers and tourists traveling to the United States in 2018.
Chad's 30.8 percent overstay rate was 165 people. Yemen, with the third highest rate, had 518 overstayers.
Only Nigeria released a significant number of visa overruns, while also having a rate that put the African nation into Trump's target category.
Mexico, Canada, Brazil, Venezuela and other nations also have a large number exceeding, but their rate is less than 10 percent because these countries send a much higher number of travelers to the United States. The DHS report says Mexico had over 43,000 overstays – a rate of 1.5 percent – and that Canada had 88,000 overstays, at a rate of less than 1 percent. But like the list of 20 countries that DHS analyzed, the assaults only reflect travelers arriving on planes or ships. Most Canadians and Mexicans who legally travel to the United States enter the country by country. DHS said data for these records will be included in future reports.
Trump also instructed the state and home security secretaries to find ways to reduce all assaults, including student visa holders, visa waiver participants. 19659003] More than 50 million temporary visitors entered the US last financial year for business, tourism, education, and other pursuits, and DHS estimates that fewer than 2 percent were longer than they were allowed.
Almost 667,000 people overstated their visas last year, according to DHS, but in March, which had gone to 415,000. In fiscal policy in 2017, more than 700,000 people in the United States remained longer than they were allowed.
In the B1 / B2 visa category, the increases increased slightly from around 301,000 in 2017 to 305,000 last year, with an increase of 2 percent.
New York Migration Studies Center, which calculates overlays in a different way to the DHSs – by examining data that immigrants report to the Census Bureau's American Community Survey – estimates that nearly half of The 11 million unreported immigrants in the United States overstated their visas. Most are from Mexico, followed by India, China, Venezuela and other nations, says Robert Warren, a senior visiting colleague in the center.
Visa overstayers account for an increasing share of the newly arrived subconscious population – as high as two-thirds of arrivals in the last decade – largely because illegal border crossings sank to historic downs, Warren said. That relationship can change this year as concerns on the southern border rise.
It is unclear how long immigrants exceed their visas, but the Pew Research Center estimated that the typical un-documented immigrant in 2016 had lived in the United States for 15 years.
Other visa violators are returning home or applying for legal residence via asylum or other methods.