North Korea has maintained its nuclear and ballistic missile programs and seeks ways to ensure that these capabilities cannot be destroyed by military strikes, according to a confidential report from UN sanctions monitors.
The report to a 15-member UN Security Council Sanctions Committee, seen by Reuters news agency on Monday, precedes another scheduled US-President Donald Trump's summit and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un later this month.
The first meeting between Kim and Trump in June last year in Singapore produced a vaguely formulated document in which the North Korean leader committed himself to "denuclining the Korean Peninsula".
While Trump has hailed "tremendous progress" in its relationship with North Korea, the UN report found that Pyongyang "uses civilian facilities, including airports, for ballistic missile assembly and testing to effectively prevent assault" a small number of identified atomic and missile mounting and manufacturing sites. "
The report said it" found evidence of a consistent tendency from the DPRK to spread its collection, storage and testing of sites "by abbreviation for North Korea's official name, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
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The North Korean mission to the United Nations did not respond promptly to a request for comment on the 317-page UN report submitted to members of the Security Council Friday.  In his annual New Year's address last month Kim renewed his commitment to denuclearisation, but warned that he might not have any choice but to seek an alternative course if United States does not take similar measures and maintains sanctions.
Sanctions ineffective & nbsp;
UN Security Council has tightened sanctions against North Korea side n 2006 in order to distort the funds of the country's nuclear weapons programs, which prohibit exports, including coal, iron, lead, textiles and seafood, as well as capping crude oil and refined petroleum product imports.
"The country continues to force Security Council resolutions through a massive increase in illegal shipments of oil products and coal from ships to ships", noted sanction monitors. "These violations make the recent UN sanctions ineffective."
The screen said they had evidence of an unprecedented prohibited oil product transfer of over 57,600 barrels, more than $ 5,7 million.
] They said the case highlighted "new sanction evasion practices that defeated the region's leading commodity merchants' due diligence efforts as well as the US and Swedish banks that facilitated fuel payments and a leading UK insurance company providing protection and compensation. to one of the vessels involved. "
Gordon Chang, a regional analyst and author of Nuclear Showdown: North Korea takes the world up and said that the United States should do more to enforce sanctions.
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"The real story here is not that the North Koreans violate sanctions or continue building their arsenal," Chang Al Jazeera said.
"The real surprise here is that the US does not enforce sanctions strongly. The United States has legally allowed the North Koreans – and the Russians and the Chinese and the South Koreans – to violate sanctions since mid-May. of course, Kim Jong Un feel & # 39; why should I give up my missiles and my nodes. "
The report accused North Korea of violating UN's arms embargo and attempts to "sell a wide range of military equipment to armed groups and governments in the Middle East and Africa" as well as small arms and light weapons to Libya, Sudan and the Houthi rebels in Yemen.
The UN monitors also noted "a tendency in the DPRK's avoidance of economic sanctions through cyber attacks to illegally force the transfer of funds from financial institutions and encryption institutes."
North Korea is subject to a luxury goods ban and the monitors said they are investigating the public appearance of a relatively new Rolls-Royce Phantom in Pyongyang on October 7 last year. The car usually sells for hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Russia and China suggested the Security Council to discuss the easing of sanctions after Trump and Kim first met. But the United States and other councilors have said there must be strict enforcement of sanctions until Pyongyang works.
Al Jazeera and news agencies