Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong condition that can affect a person's everyday life. It usually requires dietary monitoring, medication and regular monitoring. It is crucial that people with diabetes can keep blood sugar levels under control to reduce the risk of health complications such as heart disease or stroke. Many people may not realize, but in the morning, blood sugar levels may rise more than usual in people living with diabetes.
What causes blood sugar levels to rise in the morning and what can be done to control a spike?
According to dr. Sarah Brewer, the main reason why everyone experiences a slightly higher blood sugar level in the morning is known as the dawn phenomenon.
She explained, "For people without diabetes, the increase in glucose is minimal, but for those with diabetes, blood glucose levels remain higher than normal."
"One study showed that about 55 percent of diabetics experienced dawn affects, but others have not found the same occurrence. "
" The dawn phenomenon is due to our natural biorhythms, where the production of insulin hormone (which lowers glucose) is suppressed during sleep, and the levels of other hormones that increase glucose (growth hormone, glucagon and cortisol) are increased.
"As fuel supplies from our last meal run out, the liver is starting to make new glucose from glycogen stores released in circulation ready to fuel our activities when we wake up."
"For people without prediabetes (metabolic syndrome) or diabetes, the increase in glucose is minimal since insulin is released to ensure glucose levels within normal limits."
"For diabetics, insulin production is reduced, or cells no longer respond properly so that blood glucose levels become higher than normal. "
" "In some people with type 2 diabetes, metabolism is disrupted, and the liver continues to churn out new glucose (made from dietary carbohydrate and dietary protein) although there is still plenty of glucose in the circulation. "
" There is also a theory (known as the Somogyi effect), suggesting that the increase in blood sugar in the morning in people with diabetes may be a rebound effect of using too much or vice versa for little insulin in the evening before. , but it is controversial. "
Dr Brewer recommended taking the following steps to control a blood sugar spike in the morning:
- If your glucose level is high in the morning talk to your doctor for individual diet and lifestyle advice, and a review of your current medication. For example, if you use insulin, your doctor may adjust your dose, change the type of insulin you use, or advise you to inject when you wake up in the morning if your glucose increases.
- Drink adequate fluids to maintain Hydration
- Eat a healthy breakfast ̵
If you have type 2 diabetes and are managed alone with diet and lifestyle, an ayurvedic herbal medicine like CuraLin can help improve general glucose control. If you are taking prescribed medication, always contact your doctor before using herbal or dietary supplements.
People should also monitor their blood sugar throughout the day, according to Diabetes.co.uk, blood glucose est be very helpful in examining how different foods affect blood sugar levels.
A good way to do this is to take a test before eating, and then another one or two tests after eating at intervals of about two and four hours after a meal, said charity.
"This method of blood glucose testing is known as pre- and postprandial testing. Testing your blood sugar in this way across different meals can help you derive what meals are better for your sugar content," it said. Sticking to a low-carb diet can also improve blood sugar, it added.