It has been more than a century since the massacre with the knee and the battle of Little Bighorn, but both of these infamous conflicts were promoted for a national conversation about Indians and race after President Trump's Sunday night directed at Senator Elizabeth Warren.
Mr. Trump, who responded to a Q. and A. that Ms Warren was sent on Instagram Live a couple of weeks ago, used a line referring to Wound Knees and Bighorn who mocked Ms. Warrens' allegations of native American heritage.
In Ms. Warren's video, which was released on December 31
Mr. Trump, who has repeatedly referred to Mrs. Warren as "Pocahontas", did it again on Twitter Sunday, then took it a step further and wrote that if Ms. Warren "did this Bighorn or Wounded Knick advertisement instead of her kitchen, With her husband dressed in full Indian rug, it would have been a shatter! "
He was subjected to rapid criticism from Native Americans.
"+ 300 of my people were massacred at the knee," the author and tribal lawyer Ruth H. Hopkins, who is Sioux, said on Twitter . "Most were women and children. This is not fun, it's cold, wise, and just pure racist."
Ms. Hopkins said in an interview on Monday that the trauma of the massacres has not been erased after time.
"It happened in 1890; it's not so far removed. They killed are people's grandparents and grandparents," she said. "It is further reinforced by the fact that the soldiers who murdered Lakota at the knee, received an honorary medal for it and these medals have never been lifted."
Storm Reyes, 69, who is Coast Salish and lives on a reservation in Washington State, said Monday that knee and other such massacres are deeply implicated in the memories of native Americans.
"As a native, Trump's tweet was similar to making a" joke "around 9/11, Pearl Harbor or the Holocaust," she said. "I found it horrible that Trump not only uses this tragedy as a joke, weapon, and insult, but his ignorance of American history is so great that he didn't even know that the knee was a massacre and not a blow."
In a statement, Jefferson Keel, the president of the National Congress of American Indians, "condemned in the strongest terms the informal and eerie use of these events as part of a political attack."  Hundreds of Lakota, Cheyenne and Arapaho people lost their lives in the hands of the invading US Army during these events, "he said," and their memories should not be dismissed as a rhetorical battle line. "
For those who could use a historical refreshment, some contexts:
What happened during the massacre with a sore knee?
The wounded cranberry, one of the deadly attacks on Native Americans by the US military, took place on Dec. 29, 1890. It is estimated that hundreds of Sioux Indians – men, women and children – were killed by the 7th Cavalry at Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Southwestern South Dakota.
39, the buffalo population had been slaughtered and Lakota's homeland had been reduced, limited to reservations "where life was hard and food was scarce" wrote Mark Hirsch, historian of the Smithsonian National Museum of American Indian, in 2015 Before the 125th anniversary of the massacre, a new religious movement called Ghost Dance had spread over the Sioux Country; it was meant to help revive the native American lifestyle, but it was perceived as a trio wretched from the US government
Soldiers attempted to arrest the Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull and ended up killing him. Tensions grew. According to Mr. Hirsch's account led Chief Big Foot, head of Minneconjou Lakota, his people more than 200 miles to Pine Ridge Reservation, where another boss had invited them to seek refuge. But they were intercepted by troops escorting them to wounded knees. The next day, Big Foot's people were asked to surrender their weapons. A gun was suddenly fired, and the soldiers started shooting. About 300 Sioux is estimated to be dead.
The congress apologized to victims 100 years later in a decision that expressed "deep regret", but did not provide any compensation to the descendants or declare a remote place a national monument.
What was the battle of Little Bighorn?
Mr. Trump also referred to "Bighorn", the Battle of Little Bighorn, who was fought on June 25, 1876, in what is now Montana. At that time, the federal government forced tribes to move to reservations. When several tribes did not leave their country, Lieutenant George Armstrong Custer and his troops were dispatched for attack. During the battle, General Custer's troops were violated by Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne warriors in what became known as Custer's Last Stand.
In the book " The Kill of Crazy Horse" wrote reporter Thomas Powers: " The fighting was intense, bloody, sometimes hand in hand. Men died of knife and club as well as More than 200 of Custer's troops died.
Why is Mrs Warren's ancestry in the news?
Ms. Warren and Mr. Trump has had a history of trade fights, especially in the 2016 elections – but his references to her ethnic heritage, especially his toes, which characterize her as "Pocahontas", have drawn the most attention.
Last year Ms Warren released the results of a DNA test that she said provided evidence for her ancestry. It turned out that she probably had a native American ancestor six to ten generations ago.
Instead of neutralizing his critics, the test inflamed further criticism that she was trying to equate DNA results with cultural kinship.
In October, a Cherokee Nation member condemned Ms. Warren's analysis in a statement.
But not all Indian leaders were disturbed by Mrs Warren's DNA test.
Richard Sneed, the chief of the Eastern band of Cherokee Indians, told HuffPost that Mrs Warren had always been a friend to tribes, "and we need all the allies we can get."
Herr. Trump tweeted twice about Mrs Warren on Sunday. The first tweet referred to Wounded Knight and Bighorn, nearly 10 minutes later, felt Mr. Trump's Instagram video "Elizabeth Warren Beer Disaster" and said that the best line she delivered was when she told her husband: "Thank you for being here. I'm glad you're here."
"It's their house, he must be there!" Mr.. Trump tweeted .
Critics of the president suggested that the tweets gave a distraction from the partial government interruption (which is now the longest ever), the increased control over his relationship with Russia and Mrs Warren's presidential bid.  Monday night, Warren did not respond directly to Mr. Instead, Trump's entertainment on social media focused on the interruption on its 24th day.
"How many more before the Republicans stop crushing work families and reopening the government?" she wrote on Twitter. "Time to finish this."