The new classification is expected to improve social acceptance among transgenic people while still providing essential health resources. The United Nations Health Agency said last year to announce the proposed change.
The new standard for classification is set out in the 11th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) adopted on Saturday by the World Health Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland. It enters into force on January 1, 2022.
WHO uses gender incongruence to describe people whose gender identity is different from the sex they were assigned at birth.
The phrase "was taken out of mental illness because we had a better understanding that this was not a mental state of health and that they left it, caused stigma," said Dr. Lale Say, coordinator of the WHO Youth and Risk Risk Team, last June. "To reduce the stigma while ensuring access to necessary health interventions, this was placed in another chapter."
LGBT groups welcomed the movement at that time.
"This is the result of a tremendous effort by transversal and gender-based activists from all over the world to insist on our humanity, and I am surprised that the WHO agrees that gender identity is not a mental illness," Julia Ehrt said. , then Director of Transgender Europe, last year.
"Until a few years ago, the removal of pathologic categories affecting trans and sex different people from the ICD-10 list of mental disorders seemed impossible. Today we know that full depatologization can be achieved and achieved in our lifetime ", the international lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex association said last week in a statement. Ehrt is now the group's program director.
WHO does not expect the ICD change to affect the needs of transgenic people for health care, but by reducing social stigmatization, more people may be encouraged to seek treatment, he said last year.
In his new description of gender incongruence, the WHO said, "Gender variant behaviors and preferences alone are not the basis" to diagnose the mental health of others.
This is not the first time the ICD has changed a classification related to sexuality. In 1990, WHO stated that "sexual orientation alone should not be considered a disorder."
In addition to serving as a basis for global health statistics and trends, the ICD provides a standard for research and clinical purposes and helps in reporting and defining diseases, disorders and other health conditions. It "also captures factors that affect health or external causes of mortality and morbidity, giving a holistic look to every aspect of life that can affect health," the WHO said in a statement.