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Total solar eclipse 2019: Who can see it and how to watch | Chile News

Parts of South America will experience the first total solar eclipse since 2017 on Tuesday.

Thousands of tourists from all over the world are flocking to Chile and Argentina, where the eclipse is expected to pass by in the afternoon.

It will be the first total solar eclipse since August 2017, when the moon passed between the earth and the sun over parts of the United States.

Here's what you need to know about this year's total eclipse:

1. What is a solar eclipse?

A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the sun and earth and blocks the sun. During a total eclipse, the sun's crown, or corona, is visible to the naked eye.

The crown is the sun's outer atmosphere, stretching millions of miles into space.

There are four types of solar eclipses: partial, annular, total and hybrid

According to NASA, a total eclipse occurs somewhere on earth about every year and a half. Partial eclipses are expected at least twice a year.

2nd When and where will the 201
9 total solar eclipse pass by?

Unlike the 2017 eclipse, the moon's shadow is visible only from Chile, Argentina and uninhabited South Pacific island.

A partial eclipse may be seen in other parts of South America , including Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador.

The total eclipse is expected to last up to four minutes, depending on the location, according to NASA.

 Solar eclipse 2019

A woman takes a photo of a digital clock behind her, which shows the time left to the total solar eclipse, in Coquimbo, Chile [Rodrigo Garrido/Reuters]

NASA said that totality is expected to begin around 4:38 pm local time (20:38 GMT) in La Serena, Chile, and end there around 4:40 pm (20:20 GMT).

In Junin, Argentina, totality is expected to begin around 5:42 pm local time (20:42 GMT) and end at 5:44 pm (20:44 GMT).

Several websites, including NASA, will be live-streaming the eclipse so people can watch from all over the world.

3rd Is it safe to look at a solar eclipse?

During totality, it is safe to view a solar eclipse.

However, as the moon reveals the sun, NASA said, people may be caught off guard, exposing their eyes to possible damage from the sun's UV rays.

NASA advised individuals watching the eclipse to use protective glasses or indirect viewing devices during all the phases.

4th When was the last total eclipse?

Millions of people in the US were able to witness the last total solar eclipse on August 21, 2017.

Everyone in North America at the time was able to view at least a partial eclipse, with 14 state totality crossing. A partial eclipse was also viewable from parts of South America, Europe and West Africa.

 Solar eclipse 2017

Enthusiasts watch a total solar eclipse while standing at at Carroll Rim Trail at Painted Hills, near Mitchell, Oregon in 2017 [File: Adrees Latif/Reuters]

Prior to the 2017 event, a solar eclipse had not been visible across the entire US since 1918.

5. Solar eclipse 2020

After this year's event, the next total solar eclipse will be visible on December 14, 2020, on parts of South America, according to NASA.

             Al Jazeera and news agencies

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