Fleets are assembled in each county in Pennsylvania in a 5-year surveillance program announced Thursday by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
According to DEP, environmental monitoring of fleets aims to assess the risk of cross-borne diseases across Pennsylvania with funding from the Pennsylvania Department of Health.
DEP also coordinates the mosquito, bird and horse monitoring efforts of the West Nile Virus Control Program, which was expanded to include Zika Virus.
The field study, which began in July in collaboration with county governments, was among the recommendations made in 201
"Lyme disease affects thousands of Pennsylvanians every year, but ticks are also known to carry other pathogens that could infect humans. This study will provide important data to help us understand these arachnids better in our environment and inform Pennsylvanians about how, when and where to avoid being bitten by a disease-bearing cross, "the press release announced the effort quoted by DEP secretary Patrick McDonnell.
"We want everyone to enjoy the outdoors and take the right precautions to avoid contact with ticks and we are proud to support Lyme Disease Task Force's efforts to protect Pennsylvanians."
Minister of Health Rachel Levine added "Lyme disease is an important public health concern in Pennsylvania. Many people believe that the Lyme disease and the disease-bearing ticks can only be found in forest areas. But I know personally as many others that ticks can be found in your backyard, where you go your dog or local park. These surveillance efforts will help us share with every Pennsylvanians the importance of taking steps to protect yourself. "
The field survey is taking place in each county in Pennsylvania to track the bird's habitats, life stages and peak activity levels and test them for human pathogenic diseases.
In addition, 38 counties carry out a specific study of neural assorted ticks that can transmit Lyme Disease to humans.
Rafts are collected by white filter racks that test low ground covers
Autumn and winter monitoring focuses on analyzing adult black tiles in publicly-used habitats throughout Pennsylvania, such as parks, playgrounds, and recreational areas.
Spring and summer monitoring will focus on collecting 3 bird species: the black tower at its immature nymphal stage, most often infecting people with Lyme disease, as well as human babesiosis and human granulocytic anaplasmosis; the adult American dog sign that transmits Rocky Mounted spotted fever and tularemia; and the adult lone star tick, which transmits Ehrlichiosis and tularemia.
The Nymphal scene of the blacklegged bump causes the most ticked disease in Pennsylvania because of its size and activity period. It is considerably less – about the size of a poppy seed – than the adult and less likely to be discovered on the human body.
"The nymphal phase of the black bitch is the longevity overlap with people enjoying the outdoors in the spring and summer," said mcdonnell. "Tracking and testing them at this stage is extremely important because it will allow us to more accurately determine when and where the risk of human disease is most prevalent and help prevent future Lyme disease in the future."
Since July 1, 2018, DEP collected 3,663 adult black-bone ticks for testing.
For more information on Lyme Disease, visit the Health Department's Lyme Disease website.
For more information on ticks and tart diseases, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Website.
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