Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Science https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Thousands of medieval Islamic tombs found in galactic pattern

Thousands of medieval Islamic tombs found in galactic pattern

Thousands of medieval Islamic tombs were found in Kassala in eastern Sudan by an archaeological team. The results were announced on Wednesday.

As an introduction, the researchers explain that Sudan is a goldmine for archaeologists, as it is filled with countless burial monumental manifestations of the Nile Valley and its historical civilization.

Although we do not know much about burial practices in this area, we do know that the monuments found can be attributed to different periods and cultures.

Qubbas is the name of burial monuments related to medieval Islam, the origin and architectural style of which have been discussed somewhat.

In an interview with WordsSideKick, Stefano Costanzo, a doctoral student in archeology at the University of Naples L̵

7;Orientale in Italy and lead author of the journal article, said that at first it looks like the burial system was just a result of the surrounding environment.

But archaeologists sensed that there was a spatial pattern between the tombs.

The team mapped out the funeral monuments but had trouble interpreting it because some of the monuments had already been excavated.

They began searching for statistical modeling techniques that could help them discover the pattern and came up with a method called the Neymann Scott Cluster (NSC) process, originally developed to study spatial patterns of stars and galaxies.

This technique revealed that the six visible tombs had additional sub-clusters of monuments embedded in the tombs.
These galaxy-like clusters were then referred to as ‘parent’ and progeny graves.

The researchers noted that the subcluster tombs revolved around the ‘parent tombs’ regardless of their chronology and shape, and this enabled them to form their hypothesis about the role of the tombs.

The researchers then began to study the groups that inhabited the area since the end of 1. millennium BC and found that the clusters were most likely related to the Beja people and could possibly be tribal or family cemeteries.

The study showed that the parent graves were located in environmentally opportunistic areas and that the qubases would be more likely to be spread “along the foot of flat area with higher availability of raw material.”

Further research is needed to determine the exact locations of the parent graves in the formations and who were humans buried in them.

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