Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Science https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ This is why China and Russia want to build a base on the moon

This is why China and Russia want to build a base on the moon



The Russian space agency Roscosmos and China’s National Space Administration (CNSA) recently agreed to establish lunar outposts on and in orbit around the Moon. This announcement comes as Russia prepares to mark the 60th anniversary of Yuri’s Night – the beginning of human spaceflight.

Roscosmos dates from 1991 from the disbanded Soviet space program. The Soviet space agency achieved a number of first-time events, including the launch of the first satellite as well as the first man and woman in space. In 1971, the Soviet Union launched Salyut 1

, the first space station, in orbit around Earth. The Soviet Union also played critical roles in the development of the International Space Station, as the outpost changed from Ronald Reagan’s original vision of an American space station. Freedom.

Credit: CNSA

On February 10, the Tianwen-1 spacecraft arrived on Mars. Designed by the China National Space Administration (CNSA), this was the first mission to arrive on Mars with an orbiter, lander, and rover (though landers and rovers have not yet touched Mars’ surface). In December, a robot mission from China collected samples from the Moon and returned them to Earth for analysis. This was the first time in 40 years this was implemented.

“Within the framework of the establishment of ILRS, China and Russia will use their experience in space science, R & D and the use of space equipment and technology to jointly formulate a roadmap for the construction of ILRS and implement close cooperation on planning, demonstration , design, development, implementation and operation of ILRS, including promotion of the project to the international space communities, ”reports CNSA.

The space agencies in each country have issued statements welcoming developments and sharing their views on what may be the first massive structure constructed in a lunar orbit.
Each nation is committed to combining their rich experiences in space science, research and the use of space technology to explore Mars and develop an international lunar-based station for scientific research. Both countries will be involved in the planning, implementation of the design, development and operation of the research station.

“China and Russia are using shared experience and scientific technologies to create a roadmap for building an international research station on the Moon,” CNSA said in a statement released on WeChat.

On April 12, the world celebrates Yuri’s Night – the 60th anniversary of human spaceflight and the 40th anniversary of the first space shuttle flight.

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation has lagged behind the United States and China in exploring the Moon and Mars, and the nation is seeking to take a leading role in space exploration again.

Why a lunar station?

A lunar station could give the world space agencies and the people of these nations many benefits. It would serve as a practical step between our current capabilities and the technologies needed one day to colonize Mars. A permanent lunar position could serve as a base for a variety of activities such as observations of the sun and other astronomical objects, the study of the earth’s resources and environment, and other bodies in the cosmos.

Building such an outpost would provide a research and evidence base for a number of important advanced technologies and capabilities, including robotics, in situ resource utilization, resource depots, deep space unit habitats, space propulsion, optical communication, space additive manufacturing (3D printing) and more.

During the “successful failure” of Apollo 13, the crew of this troubled spacecraft took amazing pictures of the moon’s surface as they returned their views to Earth. Here are some of the video footage they took while circling the moon in April 1970. Video by NASA.

The moon’s nature and its resources, such as large amounts of water preserved in eternally shady craters, make it a perfect base for the moon’s and subsequent Mars missions and other planetary activities.

The creation of an international lunar station will signal an important breakthrough in transportation, valuable extraterrestrial resources, power and communications, crew habitats and facilities that significantly reduce technical and economic risks to missions beyond the Moon.

And it would give the world space programs a much-needed clear, timely and logical next step in the human exploration of space.

Still more than 20 years late in place: 1999

The International Space Station has proven that people from all nations can survive - and work - together in space
Credit: NASA