Researchers have found that a compound created in the stomach after eating certain types of fruit and nuts has an anti-aging effect on humans. Called urolithin A, this compound is produced in the human intestine from biomolecules called ellagitannins, found in pomegranates and other fruits and some nuts. There is a catch, but not everyone naturally produces the compound during digestion.
Ellagitannins are a type of polyphenols found in a variety of fruits and nuts, the most notable being commonly available products such as strawberries, black raspberries, walnuts, pomegranates, almonds and similar products. Polyphenols as a whole are known to offer a number of important health benefits, including ellagitannins.
According to a new study by EPFL, Amazentis and the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, these molecules are transformed into the human intestine into compound urolithin A (UA), which was found to slow down the mitochondrial aging process. Unfortunately, not all this produces after the consumption of the molecules.
As part of the study, researchers gave 60 elderly people, all of whom were in good health various doses synthesized UA to determine possible side effects. Single doses up to 2,000 mg and up to 1
This is the same effect due to regular exercise, according to the study, making the UA the only known compound that can restore the body's cells to re-use defective mitochondria. This provides a potential way to resolve skeletal muscle mass loss and generally weakened tissue that starts when a person reaches about 50 years.
The entities behind the study hope to bring a UA product to the market in the relatively near future.