About 11 million people eat themselves to early digs every year – but the most risky diets can come as a surprise.
The new Global Burden of Disease Study, which analyzed dietary consumption in 195 countries between 1990 and 2017, concluded that poor (or "non-optimal") dietary habits are responsible for 1 in 5 deaths – more than other risk factors, including tobacco smoking . (Tobacco kills 8 million people globally in comparison.) Unfortunately, unhealthy diets are associated with cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and many forms of cancer.
But the definition of a "non-optimal" diet can shock consumers who have been fed countless meal plans that require cutting carbs, sugars or dairy products to lose weight and remain healthy as part of the 66 billion weight loss market. dollars. It does not turn out to get enough milk, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds (as well as consume too much sodium) in connection with more deaths than eating too much unhealthy food, such as red meat, processed meat, trans fat and sugar-sweetened beverages, according to the report. And eating insufficient amounts of whole grains and fruits and consuming too much sodium accounted for more than half of diet-related deaths worldwide.
"While sodium, sugar and fat have been the focus of political debates over the past two decades, our assessment shows that the leading dietary factors are a high intake of sodium or low intake of healthy foods such as whole grains, fruits, nuts and seeds and vegetables ", study author Dr. Christopher Murray from the University of Washington. The study was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
See: You are not B.S. guide to losing weight in the new year
Kelly Hogan, clinical nutrition and wellness manager at New York's Mount Sinai Hospital, told MarketWatch that the study supports the healthy guidelines she and other dieticians have shared with their patients. "For a long time, we have really tried to focus on dietary quality when it comes to risk reduction of various chronic diseases; focus on what people should eat more, as opposed to telling them what to eat," she said. "When you tell people what not to do, they don't necessarily need to know what to do. Sometimes it isn't intuitive for them to eat the right thing." (And if you read Facebook
FB, + 1
diet groups for diets such as keto, which drastically limit carbohydrates, and whole 30, which reduce sugar, milk bellows and legumes early, most of the items are centered around people, asking what they can still eat.)
But this report is more aware of the importance of adding more plants to your diet, as well as milk and whole grains. "And it sends a more positive message," she added. "When people are told that certain foods are healthy or good for them … it makes them much more likely to try these foods, as opposed to receiving the negative message that your diet is & # 39; incorrect & # 39; and you do bad things to your health. "
Uzbekistan experienced the highest level of diet-related deaths – 892 deaths per year. 100,000 people – among the 195 countries surveyed in this report followed by Afghanistan and the Marshall Islands. Israel had the lowest rate of diet-related deaths, with only 89 deaths per year. 100,000. The United States ranked 43 with 171 deaths per year. 100,000.
Ten million by 2017 diet-related deaths were from cardiovascular disease; Cancer accounted for 913,000 deaths, and Type 2 diabetes accounted for 339,000 deaths. But dietary differences varied from country to country.
Not getting enough whole grains was the biggest risk factor for mortality in the US, India, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, Russia, Egypt, Germany, Iran and Turkey. In fact, a recent low carb study with a higher risk of atrial fibrillation (aka AFib) has the most common heart rhythm disorder. And a report published in the Lancet last year suggested that both low-carb and high-carb diets were associated with a higher risk of death. Yet, the Americans are keto-crazy and help build low-carb costs at $ 9.08 billion. Industry expected to hit $ 12.35 billion In 2024, according to Mordor Intelligence.
See: This is the right way to eat carbohydrates
Inhabitants of China, Japan, Indonesia and Thailand are consuming too much sodium, according to the report, which could stem from many traditional Asian dishes made with salty sauces, pastas and rice wines. Consuming salt raises blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease.
And not eating enough nuts and seeds (containing essential omega-3 fatty acids that help prevent heart attacks, strokes and possibly cancer) was the highest risk factor in Mexico, which was also one of the few countries, was unhealthy sugary drinks high on the risk list. Many Mexican diets also lack fruit, vegetables and whole grains. Study co-author Dr. Christian Razo told CNN that residents cannot drink water from water, making affordable clean water difficult to find. "So people have to buy clean water to drink, and if they have to buy something, they prefer sodas," she said. "It is also easier to get processed food than fresh fruits and vegetables."
Razo also noted that while Mexico produces fresh fruits and vegetables as avocados, these health crops tend to be distributed more to countries such as the United States than they are distributed in local cities. The United States receives almost 90% of its avocados (essential for guacamole and avocado toast) from Mexico.
See: Avocado Price Spike illustrates danger to US economy of Mexican border closure
The report highlights the need for food system interventions and dietary policies to help individual countries identify which ingredients their residents lack to have a well-balanced diet and then produce and distribute these healthy foods in these areas.
But health experts say that the most important pick for most people should be to add in healthy foods to their diets, more important is to cut out "bad" things.
"We must look at the diet quality as a whole over time. No food is so bad and terrible that you must avoid it forever," Hogan said. "It really looks like the big picture: Is the majority of your diet planting foods that you may not eat enough of now? If it is not, then you work against it, knowing that there are still other things that you might also like. "Just eat them with moderation.
Get a daily tour of the top that reads in personal finance delivered to your inbox. Subscribe to MarketWatch's free Personal Finance Daily newsletter. Sign up here.