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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ World https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ The vote ends in India. Here's what to expect.

The vote ends in India. Here's what to expect.



After 39 days of voting involving as many as 900 million voters, voting in India's major parliamentary elections is on Sunday, starting a countdown to the final performance announcement on Thursday.

After a wrong majority during the last election in 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bharatiya Janata Party, or B.J.P., are expected to lose places this time.

Deepening concerns about the economy and on allegations that B.J.P.'s Hindu first conservative creed puts Muslims and other minorities at risk has led to many Indians voting for Mr. Modi party last time to say they could change. The biggest recipient of such a shift would be the Congress Party led by Rahul Gandhi.

But Mr. Fashion's popularity remains great, especially among India's Hindu majority, and many Indians credit him with programs that have helped the poor and cut through bureaucracy and corruption.

No one expects B.J.P. just yet. And some analysts believe it is still possible that the party will win another majority, or at least be within the framework of a coalition that will set Mr. Fashion back at the Prime Minister's office.

[ Read news and opinion coverage of India's New York Times election. ]

Here's a look at how the world's greatest choices were unfolded and what to expect in the next few days.

It is quite possible that B.J.P. will not win 272 or more out of 543 parliamentary seats voted this year. If that happens, it will come down to act to form a coalition.

"Every head of a large regional front knows that he or she may be able to supply the seats that set the party at the top," said Milan Vaishnav, a senior scholar at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington. "Many are waiting for the phone if their number is to be called on May 23."

Here are three of the most influential regional parties waiting for this call.

  • Bahujan Samaj : The party counts Dalits or low-cast Indians, as its core constituency. Mayawati, party leader, has not announced who she would come back in a coalition scenario, although many believe she is acceptable to B.J.P. if the party gives her a leading role in the government.

  • Telangana Rashtra Samiti : Based in Telangana, a state in southern India, the party has no regional political rivals and is likely to win about 17 seats. Party leader, K. Chandrashekhar Rao, has already announced that it would be part of an alliance on the right terms.

  • Biju Janata Dal : A strong party in Odisha, a state in eastern India, B.J.D. faces competition from B.J.P. on his home turf. It has allied with B.J.P. before, but maybe thinking twice if its political independence is threatened.

For the woman, female voters are expected to throw as many as half of the total votes for the first time – and perhaps more. Considering that officials expect up to 900 million total votes nationwide, it is a large number. But more importantly, Indian women's voices will finally be proportional to their numbers – even though they are not yet properly represented in the number of parliamentary seats they have.

[] Read about how female graduates have fought in India's long election season. ]

Both in the number of female voters and in the total number of participants throughout the country 2019 elections are expected to set records, further expand India's role as the world's largest democracy. Violence is lower, but not absent

Violence has almost always played a role in Indian elections, either between parties or gangs or on a larger scale in the form of joint violence between religious or cast groups.

[ Our journalists visited a village in West Bengal state where homes were burned over sectarian tensions. ]

This choice has been relatively peaceful compared to the past. But since the vote began last month, a person has been killed and several candidates have been attacked, including clashes between supporters of various parties, according to local news reports.

Jeffrey Gettleman and Ayesha Venkataraman helped report. [19659038]
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