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An image taken on February 8, 2019 shows people walking on posters showing Ukrainian entertainer and presidential candidate Volodymyr Zelensky and oligarch Ihor Kolomoyskyi, looking out from the back and reading & # 39; Serving of oligarch, emerge from oligarch & # 39; seen the glue prior to the Zelensky performance in the western Ukrainian city of Lviv on February 8, 2019. "The source of his popularity is that he does not belong to the establishment and has carried out an unorthodox election campaign", according to Tadeusz Iwanski, Warsaw-based think tank researcher , Center for Eastern Research.
"Zelenskiy communicates with the voters by using social media and holding concerts in Ukraine's regional centers, while television shows and cabaret show where he stars are among the most popular in Ukraine," Iwanski said in a note last week.
While Zelensky's popularity has risen sharply in recent weeks, it was largely driven by public discontent at t raditional political elite, analysts are eager to point out that his support base may be unstable. They also note that his government policies and program are unclear.
Otilia Dhand, senior vice president of Teneo Intelligence, said that Zelensky should pass into the decisive second round of voting, he will have to offer a more detailed manifesto.  "When Zelensky does not have a well-defined program, the political consequences of his potential victory are difficult to measure for now. It is likely that, before the second round, Zelensky would present a more detailed policy plan. experience and questions about his ability to control the monstrous Ukrainian political system to deliver reforms, including those required under the current IMF regime, "Dhand said in a note last week.
A government led by an inexperienced politician could be a major problem for Ukraine, a country largely depends on foreign donors and an International Monetary Fund (IMF) assistance program. In December, the IMF approved a new four-month $ 4 billion loan, replacing a four-year $ 17.5 billion aid package adopted in 2015.
This assistance came after Russia attached the Crimea from Ukraine in 2014 and then supported a pro Russian rebellion in the east of the country, causing the economy to decline as investors feared further instability.
IMF's latest loan comes with four main terms; that the government continues an ongoing fiscal consolidation to keep public debt downward; Reduces inflation while maintaining a flexible exchange rate regime strengthens the financial sector and promotes structural reforms to improve tax administration, privatization and governance.