More than 100 confirmed or probable cases of acne have been diagnosed at Temple University as an outbreak that began with a few cases in February, continues to spread across the Philadelphia campus.
The city's Department of Health officials believe that the close quarters of college students have accelerated the spread of the disease, and they expect more cases to be diagnosed.
Although sporadic cases of skin diseases and other highly contagious viral diseases such as measles have occurred, they have been extensively eradicated. outbreaks in pockets in the country, which are largely attributed to so-called anti-waxers or parents who refuse to vaccinate their children. College students are generally susceptible to outbreaks of all kinds of infectious diseases, including certain strains of meningitis and influenza.
The Philadelphia Health Department reported Monday 1
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend two doses of the MMR vaccine (which accounts for measles, mumps and rubella and protects against all three) in childhood. The first shot is generally given when a child is between one year and 15 months old and another boost is given between 4 and 6 years, usually around the time most children start school.
Dumps are known for the characteristic severe swelling it causes in the cheeks and neck, but other symptoms range from fever and headache to pain and loss of appetite. In some cases, deafness may occur and more dangerous complications may occur after puberty, including inflammation of the testes or ovaries.
A person who has received a single dose of the MMR vaccine has about 78 percent chance of not contracting and a 88 percent chance of second dose prevention, according to the CDC. Health officials, however, said that while measles and rubella vaccines are strong, protection against hides tends to fade when people get older. Few people get a third boost, they said.
Dumps spread through saliva and mucus, so college students who are often packaged in classes and dorms or who share drinks and food are particularly susceptible, said Susan Even, president of the American College Health Association's Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Advisory Committee and Executive Director of the University of Missouri at Columbia's Student Health Center. Symptoms usually do not occur for at least two weeks after someone is infected, but it may take up to a month to spread the virus undetected. Even said.
The outbreak at Temple is believed to have originated from a person who traveled internationally, said Jim Garrow, health spokesman. Garrow did not identify whether the person was a student. Hops are a common disease in other countries such as Japan, where people are not routinely vaccinated against it.
The university first published the outbreak on February 28, where only a few students tested positive. More and more cases were confirmed in March. An online request, which has since been taken down, was pushed for university administrators to close the campus until the outbreak was eliminated. Temple officials did not consider this option, and the city's health department did not recommend it because it would not stop the spread of the disease, Betzner said. A visitor to the campus and even a student would not necessarily catch up by just being in the presence of someone who had made it, he said.
Only about 20 percent of cases occurred among students living on campus, Betzner said. Students may ask for cleaning supplies for their dorm rooms if they are worried about getting the disease coming, he said. And students whose room or suite buddies have entered into cancellation contacts can change rooms. The city's health department has said that the sick should stay away from healthy individuals for at least five days.
The university did not require incoming students to receive the MMR vaccination, but administrators have since reviewed the university's policies and will request verification that students were given the vaccination beginning next academic year, Betzner said. The CDC recommends only a third boost to people living in the area of an outbreak.
Many universities and universities require students to receive the vaccine before coming to campus. Even said. However, she noted that some institutions do not have the resources to control health records for each new year student.
College campuses have experienced giant outbreaks before. More than 420 cases of acne were diagnosed at the University of Missouri in 2016. All the infected students had received the university's required two doses of MMR. More than 450 bumblebees were diagnosed at the University of Iowa and the surrounding area from 2015 to 2016.
Although said that, while each case is different, she does not attach the temple outbreak to an increase in anti-vaccine mood but just the circumstances of participating college. Measles cases rising nationwide have been linked to the movement, and some states have introduced laws to require parents to vaccinate their children.
"Even with only one dose of the vaccine, the complications are much milder," himself said. "I feel like it's important. It's nothing like complications before the vaccine era, before the 60's and the bumblebee vaccine … we hear about an era where no one has been vaccinated and we don't want to go back to it. "