Nicosia, Cyprus – The Republic of Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades has called on Turkey to fulfill its obligations and recognize Cyprus as a sovereign state.
Speaking after the Fifth Southern EU Summit (SEUS) one near the Filoxenia Conference Center on Tuesday, Anastasiades also supported the resumption of negotiations with the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) under a UN-backed reunification plan and added that a result that unites both Greek and Turkish Cypriots would benefit the island.
"What we are looking forward to is achieving a solution that will work so that it becomes viable, always based on UN Security Council resolutions," he said. [1
The Declaration on Joint Declaration issued after the summit also called on Turkey to normalize relations with the Republic of Cyprus by lifting the restrictions on its ports and airports / airspace against Cyprus and EU companies in relation to Cyprus.
The summit was attended by the heads of six other countries, including French President Emmanuel Macron, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, Joseph Muscat, Giuseppe Conte and Antonio Costa in Greece, Malta, Italy and Portugal. Foreign Minister Joseph Borrell Fontelles represented Spain.
Turkey and Hydrocarbons
Yucel Vural, a political scientist at the Eastern Mediterranean University, said it was "predictable" that since Cyprus joined the EU in 2004, the block had an impact on the island's long problem will increase.
"Now we are at a time when a group of EU members are trying to emphasize their direct involvement in the Cyprus conflict," says Vural to Al Jazeera, where the role of the EU is beyond "a symbolic solidarity with the Greek Cypriot Republic of Cyprus. "
The discovery of offshore natural gas in 2014-2015, where the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot sides both thought they had an effort, raised tensions on whether joint ownership of hydrocarbon resources was possible with Turkey , so heavily involved in Turkish Cyprus.
"The points adopted during the summit also show that southern EU members are not willing to accept Turkish Cypriot and Turkish y & # 39; s position on the politicization of the hydrocarbon problem in social dialogue", Vural says. having regard to the peace talks with a view to ending the Mediterranean destruction since 1974.
Ankara's recognition of Turkish Cypriots declaring the northern part of Cyprus as an interrupted state has been one of the main reasons why Turkey is over for a fallacy when it comes to being accepted as a member of the EU.
"It seems that the conflict between Turkey and the Republic of Cyprus on hydrocarbon problems is gradually being transformed into a conflict between the EU and Turkey," Vural said.
"Turkey's conscious and unconscious initiatives to move away from the West and especially its shift to the Russia-Iran alliance in its foreign policy preferences seem to continue to deepen this conflict," he continued.
"This does not, however, exclude the possibility that the Turkish Cypriot community can accede to the Republic of Cyprus' sovereignty over the exploration of hydrocarbon resources in the Cyprus EEZ."
] The summit, based on topics of common European interest, also discussed migration, a key issue for SEUS.
UN's Migration Agency IOM reported that 5,757 immigrants and refugees in the first 27 days of 2019 entered the sea at sea, a small increase of 5,502 arriving in the same period last year.
When the Balkan routes were immigrants and refugees, the Mediterranean has increasingly used the continent, despite the fact that countries like Italy refuse to allow rescue vessels to dock on their shores.
Cyprus has experienced a boom in the arrival of immigrants, both at sea and across the porous 180 km buffer zone, making it the highest number per year. resident of asylum seekers in the EU (6,000 compared to the island's population of one million).
The Joint Declaration d that "disembarkation of rescued migrants in the Mediterranean should be resolved through permanent solutions based on the principles of solidarity, responsibility and within the framework of international law ensuring their order of life in the Mediterranean".
It also said that it would reform the Common European Asylum System in a way that would guarantee solidarity and responsibility between Member States to ease the pressures faced by southern EU states but have no concrete plan
. "I think Nicosia should take the initiative and propose specific measures in the EU," said Andreas Theophanous, President of the Cyprus Center for European and International Affairs.
"It has legitimacy to request and [will find] support in this case."
According to Theophanous, there are those who say that some aspects of the unprovoked immigration process to Cyprus are supported by Turkey under the dimension "hybrid warf is ".
"Turkey has changed the population structure in the north, where the majority are settlers," he said. "Most people who come to Cyprus [from the buffer zone] would not have done so without Turkey tolerating it."