WASHINGTON – The Senate on Thursday easily voted to overturn President Trump's declaration of a national emergency at the southwestern border, delivering a bipartisan rebuke to what lawmakers in both parties deemed executive over a president determined to build his border wall over Congress's objections
The 59-41 vote on the House-passed measures set up the first veto of Mr. Trump's presidency. It was not overwhelming enough to override Mr. Trump's promised veto, but Congress has now voted to block a presidential emergency declaration for the first time – and on one of the core promises that animated Mr. Trump's political rise, the vow to build a wall between the United States and Mexico.
In an attempt to limit defects ahead of the vote, Mr. Trump had tried to frame the vote publicly as not only a declaration of support for his border security policies but a sign of personal loyalty.
"It's pure and simple: it's a vote for border security, it's a vote for no crime, "Mr. Trump customs reporters ahead of the vote, which he said on Twitter to vote for Nancy Pelosi, Crime and the Open Border Democrats! ”
But he could not overcome concerns among Republican senators about the legality of redirecting $ 3.6 billion from Military construction projects toward the border wall just after Congress explicitly rejected the funding request.
"I believe the use of emergency powers in this circumstance violates the Constitution," said Senator Jerry Moran, Republican of Kansas, in a statement written on lined paper. "This continues our country down the path of all powerful executive – something that wrote the Constitution was fearful of." Ultimately, a box of Republicans joined the Senate Democrats in supporting the House-passed resolution of disapproval: Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, Roy Blunt of Missouri, Susan Collins of Maine, Mike Lee of Utah, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, Rob Portman of Ohio, Mitt Romney of Utah, Marco Rubio of Florida, Patrick J. Toomey of Pennsylvania, Rand Paul of Kentucky, Roger Wicker or Mississippi, and Mr. Moran
The president tweeted his reaction:
The vote marks an explicit rebuke of Mr. Trump's effort to sidestep the constitutional power of the purse given to Congress, and although supporters will not be able to overcome a veto, the action could be bolstered by the number of lawsuits contesting the emergency declaration as a flagrant violation of the constitution's separation of powers. 19659002] The number of Republican defections under the Republican Conference, where senators were between supporting the president's vision for border security and asserting Congress's constitutional prerogative to dictate federal spending.  Senator Thom Tillis, Republican of North Carolina and one of the first to publicly say he would support the resolution, he had changed his mind just minutes before the vote. Facing a tough re-election campaign in 2020, he said that conversations with the White House and his colleagues contributed to his changed vote. He had been warned in recent days at North Carolina Conservatives that could face a primary challenger for his booth.
Three Republican Senators – Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, Ben Sasse of Nebraska and Ted Cruz of Texas – Interrupted Mr. Trump's dinner with his wife, Melania, at the White House on Wednesday night to share their concerns about the constitutional precedent that Mr. Trump had established. Mr. Graham said he was asking for the meeting because he considered Mr. Sasse and Mr. Cruz "good guys" and hoped to limit the number of defections.
Mr. Cruz initiated the meeting, in hopes of selling Mr. Trump on his own rewrite of the emergency declaration law that would restrict funding from military sources, according to a senior Republican aide with direct knowledge of the proposal. Mr. Trump summoned a lawyer from the White House Counsel's Office, who said the plan would strip the president of powers he currently possesses. "No way," and annoyed Mr. Trump customs the trio, according to a person with knowledge of the exchange
"I said there are some people to talk to you, they have some concerns about the emergency declaration," Mr. Graham said. "Hell, if I were him, I would have had us to go to hell."
All three men sided with Mr. Trump and voted against the resolution.
Mr. Graham, along with other lawmakers supportive of the declaration, argued that the president's declaration was within the jurisdiction of the National Emergencies Act, and was needed to address what the president and his supporters were to be a crisis at the southwestern border.
"I take Congress's prerogative of appropriations extremely seriously," said Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader. "But," he added, "the Senate should not be in the business of misusing specific resolutions to express opinions on more general matters." Trump, at Mar-a-Lago, duty an associate that he felt let down by lackluster support for him among Republican leadership.
Mr. McConnell, who strongly advised Mr. Trump against declaring the emergency declaration, Trump, urging them to vote according to their consciences and political interests, according to seven Republican aides and lawmakers.
At a party lunch in early March, the leader can find his conference and found virtually no support for the president's position – then he informed senators running for re-election that they were free to vote "the politics" if they chose, according to a person in attendance
He also repeatedly duty senators that he had warned against Mr. Trump against enacting the emergency declaration in the first place.
In a volley of phone calls with Senate Republicans over the last few weeks, the president warned of the electoral consequences of defying his will and dismissed the constitutional precedent of his order.
The president attempted to cajole a handful of members to vote his way during a meeting on trade at the White House on Wednesday afternoon, emphasizing that a vote "against border security," would be noticed by the party's base, according to two people who attended.
But Mr. Republican senators have sunk attempts this week to limit the number of defects to a handful, an endeavor that would have saved the president a second embarrassing loss in a week that also featured a bipartisan rebuke or his dogged support for Saudi Arabia's war in Yemen, just after the kitten of the dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
When Mr. Paul, a libertarian who frequently bucks his party, announced his support for the resolution, the president of a rage, according to two people with knowledge of the situation – and called Mr. Paul to demand that he reverse himself. The senator refused, although the two have reconciled.
And when Mr. Lee proposed an alternative measure – a bill that would restrict future uses of emergency declarations, but leave Mr. Trump's order in place – and discussed it in meeting with other undecided senators and Vice President Mike Pence, Mr. Pence expressed support, according to multiple people briefed on the meeting.
The next day, Mr. Trump called the Utah Republican in the middle of a Republican policy lunch to inform him that he did not, in fact, support the measure. Mr. Lee, who announced the president's verdict to gasps from his colleagues, later declared his support for the resolution.
Trump said that it would support the 1976 law "at a later date."
It also remains unclear what military construction projects will be affected by the president's national emergency declaration. Multiple Republican Senators, including Mr. Portman and Mr.
At a Senate Armed Services hearing on Thursday morning, acting defense secretary Patrick M. Shanahan said that up to 40 percent of the American troops currently on the southwest border with Mexico would be pulled back over the next month.
He said that would reduce the number of troops to no more than 4,000; There are currently around 6,000 – 2,000 National Guard and the rest active duty.
Shanahan said he did not
"I agree it is a security challenge – not a military threat," added Gen. Joseph F. Dunford Jr., the Joint Chiefs Chairman.