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Pope Francis kneels to kiss the feet of rival Sudanese leaders in the Vatican



South Sudan became independent of its northern neighbor Sudan on July 9, 2011 after decades of bloody conflict.

But just two years later, it fell into its own intermittent civil war.

The conflict began in December 2013, after President Salva Kiir accused his former Vice President Riek Machar of orchestrating a plot to overthrow him and pamper him. The battle soon broke out between rival militias supporting Kiir and M achar, which soon became divided along ethnic lines.

Thousands of people were killed in violent fighting in December, where rebel militants seized control of several regional cities .

  South Sudan became independent of Sudan in 2011, but two years later, the country fell into a bloody civil war that left at least 400,000 people dead

South Sudan became independent of Sudan in 2011, but two years later the country fell into a bloody civil war that left at least 400,000 people dead

In April 2014, millions of people were displaced and more ceasefire was been broken.

On April 14, 2014, pro-Machar stormed the fortified city of Bentiu, the capital of the state of Northern Liech, and killed hundreds of civilians in what has been described as the "worst massacre" of the civil war.

On May 9, 2014, President Salva Kiir and Riek Machar filed a ceasefire agreement, but just hours later, both parties accused each other of violating the agreement.

In 2015, intermittent peace negotiations began and then degraded, but in the meantime continued fighting.

In April 2016, Riek Machar returned to Juba – the South Sudan capital – as the first vice president in a new unit government, but after three months he was fired and exiled.

In December 2016, a UN Human Rights Commission said that ethnic cleansing took place in several parts of the country, which President Salva Kiir denies.

The government and the UN declared a famine in parts of South Sudan in February 2017, in the first declaration of famine throughout the world in six years.

  In February 2017, the United Nations declared that 5.5 million people would rapidly need food aid, including 1.1 million children

In February 2017, the UN declared that 5.5 million people would rapidly need food aid, including 1.1 million children

The UN said the disaster was a direct result of the civil war that led to economic collapse, declaring that 5.5 million people (almost half of the population) would need food aid in July, including 1.1 million children.

In May 2017, President Kiir declared a unilateral ceasefire and launched a national dialogue.

In August 2017, the number of refugees fleeing South Sudan reached 1.5 million, according to UN High Commissioner for Refugees.

One year later, August August August – President Kiir signed a power-sharing agreement in Ethiopia with Machar and various opposition parties to end the brutal war.

But little hope has been generated by the shaken agreement that critics say does not address many of the root problems that caused the conflict.

During the civil war, 400 people were killed and nearly a third of the population was displaced.

The UN has documented war crimes including forced cannibalism, ethnic killing, national rape – including children and recruiting more than 17,000 child soldiers.


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