PARIS – French President Emmanuel Macron has promised that the Notre-Dame Cathedral will be rebuilt when prosecutors begin to investigate what caused a fire that badly damaged the 850-year symbol of Paris and caused its thin germ to Collapse in smoke and flames.
Herr. Macron said an international effort to raise funds for the reconstruction would begin on Tuesday.
"We will rebuild Notre-Dame," he said as he visited the site on Monday night. "Because that's what the French expect."
The Pinault family in France has already pledged 1
Notre-Dame, built in the 12th and 13th centuries by a former church and Roman Empire on an island in the Seine, is a globally recognized symbol of France, visited by about 13 million people a year.
Stunned Paris residents and visitors considered the cathedral with its famous flying rods built in support of relatively thin and tall walls in its era, burned six days before Easter Sunday services were to be held.
[Sometfranskvartegnvaropiflammervarsymbolikkenfordeturoligelandsværtatsavne our architecture crit ic writes .]
Officials released new details about the fire late Monday, with the firefighter in Paris, Jean-Claude Gallet, and said it started in the attic at 6:30 am More than nine hours later, the authorities said that the fire was "under control", but that a hole in the tree taken back by the cathedral's fallen spire continued burning until Tuesday morning.
The Rector of the Cathedral, Msgr. Patrick Chauvet said the fire seemed to have started in an interior network of wooden beams, many dating back to the Middle Ages and named "the forest."
In addition to damaging the building itself, the fire cracked through the cathedral's roof, risking its relics and colored windows, with windows held together by lead melting at high temperatures. While a treasure, a relic of the crown of thorns is said to have been borne by Jesus Christ during his crucifixion, was rescued, the status of other historical things is unclear.
[Theblaze threatened the enormous collection of the cathedral of Christian art and relics.]
The architect who monitors the work of the cathedral in the 1980s and 1990s , said he believed much of the building and its decor could be saved. "The stone vault served as a fire wall and it was the worst heat away," said architect Bernard Fonquernie.
But the roof, a large wooden frame covered with lead plates, seemed to be virtually gone, he said. Earlier test on the roof showed that the wooden frame was essentially the same oak and chestnut structure built by the very first builders, said Mr. Fonquernie.
It lasted so long because the roof was regularly repaired and waterproof. But that meant that the tree below was very dry and could burn easily, he said.
Officials said they did not yet know what had caused the fire, which is now under investigation. Two police officers and a firefighter were slightly injured, but no one was killed, officials said.
[Heres what we know and do not know about the fire.]  Two years ago, a cathedral spokesman said it was very necessary for a comprehensive makeover estimated at cost nearly $ 180 million. Much of the limestone exterior was hollowed out, with pieces loosened by the wind, said spokesman André Finot.
The cathedral is covered by scaffolding during recovery work, which fire experts say can exhibit ancient houses for risky open flames or sparks from equipment.
"And now it's gone, maybe because of carelessness," Fonquernie said. "Working with heat as they did next to so much old dry wood requires extreme caution."