The well-established link between cancer and tobacco can provide a way to help communicate the relationship between moderate alcohol and cancer levels and increase public awareness of alcohol-related cancer risks, according to a study published in open access journal BMC Public Health .
A team of researchers at the University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Bangor University and the University of Southampton have assessed the risk of cancer associated with drinking moderate alcohol content and compared this to the risk of cancer associated with smoking.
Dr. Theresa Hydes, the corresponding author, said: "Our study describes the percentage increase in the risk of cancer in the British population associated with different levels of alcohol consumption, and is the only study that provides a" cigarette equivalent "for injury. 1
The authors estimate that in non-smoking men, the absolute lifetime risk of cancer, that is, the risk of developing cancer over one's lifetime, in drinking a bottle of wine a week is 1.0%. For women, it is 1.4%, so if 1,000 men and 1,000 women each drank a bottle of wine a week, about ten extra men and 14 extra women can develop cancer at some point in their lives. risk primarily related to gastrointestinal cancer, while in women, 55% of cases appear to be associated with breast cancer.  The study aims to make the public aware that only moderate drinking levels, such as a bottle of wine The week may put people at risk of cancer, especially breast cancer, and the authors point out that in an important issue such as breast cancer is the most common o increase in cancer in women in the UK.
The authors also found that driving three bottles of wine a week (approx. half a bottle a day) – a level known to increase the risk of a wide variety of health problems – was associated with an increase in absolute lifetime cancer risk to 1.9% in men and 3.6% in women and 19 in 1000, respectively men and 36 in 1,000 women. This corresponds to smoking approx. eight cigarettes a week for men and 23 cigarettes a week for women.
Dr. Hydes said: "We need to be fully aware that this study does not say that alcoholic alcohol in moderation is in any way similar to smoking. Our findings relate to lifetime risk across the population. At individual level, cancer risk is represented by drinking or smoking. will vary and for many individuals the effect of ten units of alcohol (a bottle of wine) or five to ten cigarettes may be very different. "
To calculate the possible lifetime cancer risk associated with the consumption of ten alcohol units or ten cigarettes per week, the authors used lifetime cancer risk data from Cancer Research UK (based on United Kingdom Office of National Statistics data, ISD Scotland, which includes health information, health information, statistical services, and advice in support of the National Health Service, the Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit and Northern Ireland Cancer Registry), previously published data on assume of cancer in the population attributable to tobacco and alcohol and relative cancer risk data for moderate levels of alcohol and tobacco use.
The authors warn that the study is not a comparison of overall smoking mortality mortality as it did not take into account other non-cancer smoking or alcohol-related results such as respiratory, cardiovascular or liver diseases.
Dr. Hydes said: "Our estimate of a cigarette equivalent for alcohol is a useful means of communicating potential cancer risks that successfully utilize historic smoking news. It is well established that heavy drinking is associated with cancer of the mouth, throat, voice box, esophagus, liver and breast, but unlike smoking, it is not publicly understood. We hope that using cigarettes as a comparator could communicate this message more effectively to help individuals make more informed lifestyle choices. "
Link between alcohol consumption and breast cancer is ignored by women who are most at risk
A comparison of gender-related cancer risk between alcohol and tobacco: How many cigarettes are there in a bottle of wine? BMC Public Health (2019). DOI: 10.1186 / s12889-019-6576-9
New study calculates alcohol risk in cigarette equivalents to help communicate risk (2019, March 27)
March 28, 2019
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