A strong quasar has caused a stormy storm in a distant cosmic structure known as "Teacup".
Quasar, driven by a super-massive black hole lies in the middle of a distant galaxy about 1.1 billion light-years from Earth. The galaxy, formally known as SDSS 1430 + 1339, hosts a teacup-shaped structure where the quasar brews.
Quasars is among some of the clearest and farthest objects known in the universe. They are found only in galaxies with supermassive black holes, which capture the case near the galactic nucleus and emit extreme amounts of radiation according to a statement by NASA .
The Teacup's signature handle is 30,000 light years from the black hole. This structure is believed to be a ring of galactic material surrounding a giant "bubble" and probably formed by one or more bursts driven by the black hole, according to the statement.
Radiation from the black hole can cause high-speed galactic winds, also known as jets, to shoot from each side of the quasar. These powerful jets probably blew a ring of galactic material in space, creating the "bubble" found inside the Teacup's handle, according to the statement.
Using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory astronomers have been able to learn more about the evolution of the black hole and how its behavior has changed over time.
Previous studies suggested that quasar was rapidly dying out. However, the new data from Chandra show that quasar produces far more radiation than scientists previously thought, according to a 2018 study published in Astrophysical Journal Letters .
The Chandra data also revealed that quasar is heavily covered by gas, which probably hindered the prospect of optical telescopes used to study the structure in 2007. At that time, gas clouds could have prevented astronomers from detecting all the radiation that the quasar emits, thus causing them to believe in the structure was quickly fading away.
Chandra's X-ray data was combined with images from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to create the amazing new view of the Teacup structure.