NASA seeks "jokers" to become astronauts to keep morale high on long journeys to Mars
- Future astronauts will be sought after with a good sense of humor
- This jovial approach to interplanetary travel will help keep crew morale high
- Manning missions to Mars will put astronauts in a limited space for years
Astronauts have traditionally been serious and sensible types with the right things that one can rely on flying equipment for millions of pounds.
But any mission to Mars will need a "joker" or "class clown" figure to be successful according to NASA research.
A sense of humor will be crucial for any team to keep morale high on a two-year trip to Mars, which can happen in the 2030s.
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This composite image of Mars taken by Opportunity reveals Mars & # 39; red surface. Astronauts traveling to the planet come together in close proximity for several years, and NASA says crew members with a good sense of humor are important
The Joker Role will be tested in NASA's group emission simulations at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. .
Jeffrey Johnson, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Florida, Gainesville advises NASA's Human Exploration Research Analog, a project looking at how teams can cope with extreme periods of isolation.
He addressed the American Association for the Promotion of Science Annual Conference to build a winning team for missions to March.
professor johnson said: "groups work best when they have someone who takes the role of class clown
& These are people who have the ability to pull everyone together, bridges holes when tensions appear and really strengthens morale.
We can all think of the person at work who fulfills this role, w Ho makes us laugh and makes the job more fun. People like being around them.
& # 39 ; When you live with others in a limited space for a long time, such as on a mission to Mars, tensions are likely to fail.
It's important that you have someone to help everyone Together with each other so that they can do their jobs and get back safely and safely. It's mission critical.
But he added: Being fun won't be enough to land any job, they must also be an excellent scientist and engineer and being able to carry out a rigorous training program. & # 39; Professor Johnso n has studied isolated groups of people in extreme environments, including Russian, Chinese Indian and Polish explorers based in Antarctica.
Professor Johnson said about Amundsen: "He had a food called Adolf Lindstrom. People described him as a person who laughed and was very happy and very happy, an entertainer who stopped people's spirits.
In Amundsen's diary, he said he had provided greater service to the Norwegian polar expedition than any other man. He was the expedition's clown. Scott's expedition was radically different. They broke into clients; they did not have a cohesive group. "Astronauts going to Mars need a Lindstrom," he said.
But clowns must be positive, says Professor Johnson.
"There are people who love and ridiculous and joyful and loving and therefore bring people together. But others who are cruel. When I worked at the South Pole station, there was very cruel behavior. There is a difference between the pushing button. and fun. It's better to be a mascot – get ingested by the group and beloved.
It's pretty universal – it doesn't matter if you are Russian, Polish, Chinese, Indian. Similar Ways Across All Human Groups.
WHAT IS NASA'S PLANS FOR A PEOPLE MISSION FOR THE MARCH IN THE 2030s?
Mars has become the next major step for humanity's exploration
But before humans reach the red planet, astronauts will take a number of small steps by returning to the moon for a year-long mission.
Details of a mission in the lunar orbit have been revealed as part of a timeline of events leading to missions down to Mars in the 2030s.
Nasa has outlined his four-step plan (pictured) as it hopes one day will allow people to visit Mars on his Humans to Mars Summit in Washington DC yesterday. This will result in more missions to the moon over the coming decades
In May 2017, Greg Williams, Deputy Association Policy and Plans Administrator in Nasa, explained the Space Agency's four-level plan, which one day hopes to allow people to visit March, as well as the expected time frame. Phase one and two will involve several trips to the lunar space to allow the construction of a habitat that will provide a site erection.
The last piece of hardware delivered would be the actual Deep Space Transport vehicle that would later be used to carry a crew to Mars.
And a year long simulation of life on Mars will be completed in 2027.
Phase three and four begin after 2030 and will involve sustained crew announcements to Mars system and surface of Mars.