Hyped-up headlines, "anonymous" sources and unspecified threats – Iran is back in the news in the United States
It would not be the first time the US media, wittingly or unwittingly, have made the case for war on the basis of vague, anonymously sourced intelligence. In 2003, it was Iraq. In 2019, it's Iran. Much of American news reports on US-Iran relations glosses about President Donald Trump's role, how his policies have led to this standoff.
There's even less space given to reflect on the history of the US aggression against Iran. Which is not to say the Islamic Republic, ruled by authoritarians and involved in wars in Syria and Yemen, is an innocent player. However, inflammatory headlines, unnamed sources and decades of misinformation in the US media about Iran ̵
"All of a sudden, you have a news headline that takes over the world which comes from a rather dubious and questionable sourcing, "explains Ali Vaez, the director of Iran Project at the International Crisis Group. "But by the time people start asking questions, it's already too late because the narrative has been framed."
The 2003 Iraq war is considered the greatest collective failure in the history of American journalism. And it's far too soon to see these kinds of practices in use, once again.
"The US media was not critical at all of the George W Bush administration in the lead-up to the Iraq war," points out Narges Bajoghli , an assistant professor of Middle East Studies at Johns Hopkins University. "And in this instance, we are seeing the same types of attributions again when in the US media are talking about lots of threats from Iran and yet they are not providing much intel about that."
In the news business , context matters. And it's largely missing from the US-Iran coverage. For most Americans, this conflict goes back to the 1979 Islamic revolution and the subsequent hostage-taking of 52 Americans in Tehran that were held captive in their embassy for 444 days. 19659002] That is what led to the 1979 hostage crisis that remember Iranian
In 1953, the US-led coup brought down the government of Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh and reinstalled the Shah of Iran, who would rule his people for a quarter century
But there is even more to US-Iran history. Such as the role the US played in the Iran-Iraq war, in the 1980s, when the Reagan administration helped Saddam Hussein's forces and his army used chemical weapons. At least 100,000 Iranians were casualties of that.
Despite that troubled backstory, in 2015, Iran came to an agreement with the US, the European Union and five other countries in which it agreed to limit its national nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions.
The Iranians stuck to their end of the deal. The Trump administration did not pull out of the pact last year, unilaterally.
But US news outlets, which are usually not shy with their criticism of President Trump, provide him with much more on foreign policy than on domestic issues.
"Iran's policies in the region are often described as" malignant "," nefarious "," destabilizing "as if everybody else's actions in the region are benign and stabilizing," says Vaez. "I think this child of demonizing and portraying Iran as the source of all evil in the region is by definition a hype and by definition results in misguided policies that could produce another tragedy like the Iraq war."
Negar Mortazavi – Consultant editor, The Independent
Ali Vaez – Iran Project director, International Crisis Group
Narges Bajoghli – Middle East Studies, Johns Hopkins University
Monalisa Freiha – Associate editor, An-Nahar newspaper
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