One of the less well-known features of iOS 13 is its broader support for NFC functionality that first came to iPhone along with Apple Pay in 2014, but has not seen the same diversity of usage cases as is common on Android. iPhones running iOS 13 will be able to scan a wider range of NFC tags, including those commonly found in official documentation, and one of the first examples is Japan's national identity card.
The maps are called confusing "My Number" in Japanese but "individual number cards" in English were introduced along with a numerical ID system in 2015. All residents of Japan are issued a number on paper used for various administrative purposes such as f. eg. Submission of taxes, although it is not mandatory to keep the card itself.
The card contains an NFC tag that can be read by a new government-developed app to store personal information on the device. Some Android phones already support this, but iPhone's overwhelming popularity and the broad adoption rates that enjoy new version of IOS mean it will look much more like recording.
The news was confirmed by Masanori Kusunoki, the government's leading adviser to the government's CIO, in response to a report by Nikkei .