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Indoors: Warning issued as Australia's heat wave hits record highs



The last four days are in Australia's top ten hottest days on record, said the Australian Bureau of Meteorology in a tweet Wednesday with all of the country's eight states and territories affected.
South Australia's port Augusta hit a burning 48.5 degrees Celsius (119 F) on Tuesday, the highest since records began in 1962, according to CNN affiliate Nine News. The city of Tarcoola in South Australia reached 49 C (120 F).
Elsewhere, the temperature was well above 40 C (104 F) and the hot weather is expected to last until Friday. A city in southwestern Australia, Marble Bar, suffering through 22 consecutive days with temperatures above 40 ° C, at some point approaching 50 ° C (1
22 ° F).

As mercury continues to rise, concerns are among the vulnerable, including young, elderly and people with asthma or respiratory diseases.

High ozone levels

On Wednesday, New South Wales health authorities warned that high temperatures are expected to contribute to high ozone air pollution throughout Sydney.

Dr. Richard Broome, director of environmental health at New South Wales Health, said that people with asthma and other respiratory problems were particularly vulnerable as ozone "may irritate the lungs."

"Ozone levels are higher outdoors than indoors and generally highest in the afternoon and early evening, so limiting time outdoors in today's heat and evening helps people not only stay cool but to limit their exposure to ozone pollution," he said.

There was a health warning across New South Wales on Tuesday that warns people to stay indoors during the hottest day of the day, minimize physical activity and keep hydrated.

"Signs of heat related disease include dizziness, fatigue, irritability, thirst, fainting, muscle pain or cramps, headache, changes in skin color, rapid pulse, low breathing, vomiting and confusion," the statement said.

It's the second heat wave in less than a month to hit Australia. Just over two weeks ago, a brutal post-heat wave led to extreme or severe fire warnings across at least three states and intensified severe droughts across the country.

Fish, bats and fruit cooking from within [19659006] The high temperatures take an increasing toll on the country's flora and fauna. In the Murray-Darling River Basin across the southeast, more than a million dead fish have been washed up on the banks.

Niall Blair, Prime Minister of the New South Wales State, said several marine life deaths are expected to come days when temperatures continue to rise, according to local media.

But environmentalists have blamed the mass deaths on the poor management of the river system by state and federal governments. The claim that farmers' mass consumption of water was too little to fish for survival.

"Lack of water in the Darling River and Menindee lakes means that the authorities could not rinse the system until millions of fish are stifled by lack of oxygen in water," independent lawyer New South Wales Jeremy Buckingham said in a statement.

"This mass death killer must be a wake-up call to Australia."

  Thousands of fish are dead on the Darling River in New South Wales near Menindee after an extreme heat in January.
Colonies of bats were also plunged by the heat and fell from trees in Adelaide, according to CNN, nine new affiliates news warnings to avoid contact with the animals as they can carry fatal diseases.
Heat can be catastrophic for bat species. After a heat wave in northern Queensland in November, an estimated 23,000 eyewear flying foxes – nearly a third of the species in Australia – died.
In South Australia, the extreme hot stone fruits, including peaches and nectarines, cause food from within, leading to huge losses for farmers and jumping a race against time to harvest the fruit before it is destroyed, according to ABC.

"The stone burns them, which means they burn on the inside, they become squashy and you can't use them." Dried tree fruits Australia President Kris Werner told ABC.

It comes as the Australian Open started in Melbourne at the Rod Laver Arena in temperatures of 30 C (86 F).

This is the second year in a row with extreme temperatures at the Grand Slam event, where some competitors collapse or complain about heat radiation in 2018

  Climate change is already here and heat waves have the greatest effect, the report says

]

Climate change takes its toll

January is typically the hottest month in the Australian summer, and the temperature across the board has been higher in the country in recent years.

A report published by the Bureau of Meteorology on Thursday revealed 2018 was the country's third hottest year on record, with a precipitation of 11% below average.
Australia's winter last year saw the worst drought in living memory hit part of the country in August, destroying farmers' livelihoods as farmland dry and barren.
Although Australia has suffered the effects of ongoing climate change, the government is pulling its feet to formulate a comprehensive environmental policy.
Despite a report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on "Global Disaster", if world temperatures rise above 1.5 C in the middle of the next decade, Prime Minister Morris Morrison's administration has refused to phase out the use of coal bullets. energy.

CNN's James Griffiths helped report.


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