(Gray News) – Millions of Americans use energy drinks to give them an extra boost, but experts say their effects may not be good for you or your heart.
A study released this week in the Journal of the American Heart Association's Journal of the American Heart Association found energy drinks boosting your blood pressure, but they also mildly alter the heart's electrical activity.
The report traced nearly three dozen 20-somethings, consuming 32 ounces of an energy drink and then having their important statistics measured.
Energy drinks are a thriving business where the market is expected to reach $ 61
It is estimated that about 30% of teens between the ages of 12 and 17 in the United States consume energy drinks regularly, according to the National Institutes of Health.
The American Academy of Paediatrics has long considered that children should not consume energy drinks and say "these products include n substances that can be harmful to children."
"There is much confusion about sports drinks and energy drinks, and young people are often unaware of the differences in these products, "says Marcie Beth Schneider, co-author of the report" Sports drinks and energy drinks for children and adolescents: Are they suitable? "
"Some children drink energy drinks – contain large amounts of caffeine – when their goal is simply to rehydrate after exercise. This means that they consume large amounts of caffeine and other stimulants, which can be dangerous," she said.
Caffeine is the primary ingredient in energy drinks, but there are many others. When combined, these ingredients can increase their effects.
Typical energy drinks also include:
– Guarana – a South American plant with a caffeine compound called guaranine
– Sugar – in excess can cause obesity and dental problems
– Taurine – an amino acid encouraged to improve athletic performance
– Ginseng, B vitamins and other additives – not included in sufficient quantities to offer benefits
As energy drinks are unregulated, experts are concerned.
Up to 400 milligrams of caffeine a day seems to be safe for most healthy adults according to the Mayo Clinic.
It's about the amount of caffeine in four cups of brewed coffee, 10 cans of cola or two "energy shot" drinks. The actual caffeine content varies greatly, especially with energy drinks.
Although caffeine use can be safe for adults, it is not a good idea for children, advises the Mayo Clinic. Youth should limit caffeine consumption.
The New American Heart Association report is consistent with a 2014 World Health Organization study.
"Since energy drink sales are rarely regulated by age, as opposed to alcohol and tobacco, and potentially negative impact on children, there is the potential for a significant public health problem in the future," the report says.
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