One of Germany's richest families has said they will donate $ 11 million to charity after learning the extent of their family's ties to the Nazi regime, according to a mass system report Bild am Sonntag
The Reimann family's JAB Holding Company owns a controlling interest in several major brands, among others. Bread Bread and Krispy Kreme Donuts.
What the report revealed:
The report focused on Albert Reimann Senior and Albert Reimann Junior and their industrial chemical company in Ludwigshafen in the Nazi era and found that:
- Russian civilian and French Prisoners of war were exploited as forced labor in family factories and private villas.
- The two men were anti-Semites and afowed followers of Adolf Hitler.
- Reimann Senior donated to Hitler's paramilitary SS force already in 1
- Reimann Junior
Read more: Memoryless & # 39; farmer: An author reckons his Nazi partner grandparents
& # 39; They belonged to prison & # 39;
Peter Harf, the family spokesman and a managing partner of JAB Holding Company, confirmed the report Bild on Sunday .
"Reimann Senior and Reimann Junior were guilty. The two businessmen have gone away but they actually belonged to prison," Harf told Bild .
He added that the family had commissioned his own investigation of his Nazi for the past three years, and that he and his family "were speechless," as the preliminary results were recently revealed to them.
"We are ashamed and white as sheets. There is nothing to shine over. These crimes are obnoxious."
Read more: Auschwitz Museum asks visitors not to balance on train tracks
Never again: Memorials on terror  Wannsee House
The villa on Berlin's Wannsee lake was crucial for planning the Holocaust. Fifteen members of the Nazi government and SS Schutzstaffel met here on January 20, 1942, to plan what became known as "the final solution", the expulsion and extermination of all Jews in German inhabited territory. In 1992, the villa, where the Wannsee conference was held, was transformed into a memorial and museum.
& # 39; Never again & # 39; : Congress Memorials
The Nazi regime opened the first concentration camp in Dauchau, not far from Munich. Just weeks after Adolf Hitler came to power, it was used by the paramilitary SS "Schutzstaffel" for imprisonment, torture and killing political opponents for the regime. Dachau also served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi camps that followed.
Never again: Terrorist memorials
Nazi party room
Nuremberg hosted the largest Nazi party propaganda rallies from 1933 to the beginning of the second world War. The annual Nazi party congress as well as gatherings with as many as 200,000 participants took place at the 11 km² (4.25 square miles) area. Today, the unfinished congress house building functions as a documentation center and a museum.
Never again: Events on terror
The concentration camp in Bergen-Belsen in Lower Saxony was originally established as prisoners of war before becoming a concentration camp. Prisoners who were too ill for work were brought here from other concentration camps, so many died of illness as well. One of the 50,000 killed here was Anne Frank, a Jewish girl who became internationally famous after her diary.
Buchenwald near Thuringia city Weimar was one of the largest concentration camps in Germany. From 1937 to April 1945, the national social democrats deported approx. 270,000 people from all over Europe murdered 64,000 of them.
Never again: memorials to terror
Memorial to the German resistance
The Bendlerblock building in Berlin was the headquarters of a military resistance group. On July 20, 1944, a group of Wehrmacht officers about Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg carried out an attempted murder on Adolf Hitler, who failed. The leaders of the association were briefly shot the same night in Bendlerblock's farm, which today is the German Resistance Center.
Never Again: Terrorist Memorials
Hadamar Euthanasia Center  From 1941, persons with physical and mental disabilities were killed at a psychiatric hospital in Hadamar, Hesse. Declared "unwanted" by the Nazis, about 15,000 people were murdered here by suffocation with carbon monoxide or by being injected with lethal drug doses. Throughout Germany, about 70,000 were killed as part of the Nazi euthanasia program. Today, Hadamar is a memorial to these victims.
Never Again: Terrorist Memorials
Located next to the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin's memorial to the murdered Jews in Europe was inaugurated. 60 years after the end of 2. world war on May 10, 2005 and opened to the public two days later. Architect Peter Eisenman created a field with 2,711 concrete slabs. An attached underground "information space" contains the names of all known Jewish Holocaust victims.
& Never again: Memorials of terror
Memorial to persecuted homosexuals
Not too far from the memorial to the murdered Jews in Europe is called a The second concrete memorial to the thousands of homosexuals who were persecuted by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. The four-meter-high monument, which has a window that alternately shows a movie of two men or two women kissed, was consecrated in Berlin's Tiergarten on the 27th. May 2008.
& # 39; Never again: Memorials of terror
Sinti and Roma Memorial
Opposite the Reichstag parliament building in Berlin, A park inaugurated in 2012 serves as a memorial to the 500,000 Sinti and Roma people who were killed by the Nazi regime. Around a memorial, the poem "Auschwitz" by Roma poet Santino Spinelli is written in English, Germany and Romani: "crooked face, dead eyes, cold lips, quiet, a broken heart, exhaled, without words, no tears".
& # 39; Never Again & # 39; Events on Terror
& # 39; Poststone & # 39; – stumbles as memorials
In the 1990s, artist Gunther Demnig began a project to confront Germany's Nazi past. Brass-covered concrete cubes located in front of the Nazi victims of former houses, provide information about the people and their date of expulsion and death, if known. More than 45,000 "Stolpersteine" have been laid in 18 countries in Europe – it is the world's largest decentralized Holocaust memorial.
& # 39; Never Again: Terror Memorials
Brown House in Munich
Right next to "Führerbau" where Adolf Hitler had his office was The Nazi Party headquarters in Germany, in the "Brown House" in Munich. A white cube now occupies its former location. A new "National Socialist History Documentation Center", opened April 30, 2015, 70 years after the Nazi regime's liberation, reveals further dark chapters of history.
How Much Did the Family Know Reimann Senior and Reimann Junior, who died in 1954 and 1984, did not speak about their Nazi past, according to Harf. The family believed that a 1978 report had revealed all the company's ties to the Nazis.
However, the younger generation of the Reimann family began asking questions after reading old family documents and ordering a historian at the University of Munich to examine the family history more thoroughly.
Big Brand Owners: Family JAB Holding Company owns several global brands and great restaurants in the United States including: Calgon, Krispy Kreme Donuts, Bread Bread, Peet's Coffee, Dr. Pepper, Keurig Green Mountain, Caribou Coffee Co., Clearasil and several other companies. The family wealth is estimated at around € 33 billion. EUR.
What the family is planning to do next: The Reimann family has not yet mentioned which charity it has chosen to receive the donation. The family spokesman has also said that when the report is finished, the family intends to make it available to the public.
Remembering Nazi genocide of sintier and roma
Serving the motherland
Many German Sinti fought for Germany not only in the First World War, but also in the Wehrmacht from 1939. In 1941 the German ordered high command all "Gypsies and Gypsy half-races" to be fired from active military service for "racial political reasons". Alfons Lampert and his wife Elsa were then deported to Auschwitz, where they were killed.
Remembering Nazi genocide of Sinti and Roma
Measuring and registering race
Eva Justin, a nurse and anthropologist, taught the Roman language to gain confidence in Sinti and Roma . As a specialist in so-called scientific racism, she traveled through Germany to measure people and create a complete registration register for "gypsies" and "gypsies half-breeds" – the basis of the genocide. She and others examined family ties and assessed the churches' baptisms.
Remembers Nazi genocide of sintier and Roma
Unlocked and disposed of
In the 1930s, sinti and Roma's families were in many places forced to camps on the outskirts of City, surrounded by barbed wire and patrolled by guards with dogs, as here in Ravensburg in southwestern Germany. They couldn't leave. Their pets were killed. They had to work as slave workers. Many were forced sterilized.
Remembers Nazi genocide of Sinti and Roma
Deportation in broad daylight
In May 1940, Sinti and Roma families were sent through the streets of Asperg in southwestern Germany to train station and deported directly to Nazi Poland. "The shipment went smoothly," noted a police report. Most of the deportees traveled to their deaths in work camps and Jewish ghettos.
Remember Nazi genocide of sintier and Roma
From school to Auschwitz
] Karl Kling appears at this class picture from Karlsruhe at the end of 1930 & # 39; s. He was collected from the school in the spring of 1943 and sent to "Gypsy Camp" in Auschwitz-Birkenau, where he became one of the victims of the genocide. Survivors reported that they had been marginalized in their schools before being expelled, and sometimes they were not even able to attend classes.
Remembering Nazi genocide in Sinti and Roma
Greeting with an evil lie
"I can work" thought the nine-year-old Hugo Höllenreiner, when he arrived at Auschwitz in a cattle car with his family in 1943. He was greeted by the term "Arbeit macht frei" ("work will set you free") over the entrance. It offered hope, remembered Höllenreiner later. He wanted to help his father work: "Then we could be free again." Only one in ten people expelled to Auschwitz survived.
Remember Nazi genocide of sintier and Roma
Brutal experiments of & # 39; Death Angel & # 39;
Notorious SS physician Josef Mengele worked at Auschwitz. He and his colleagues tortured countless prisoners. They mutilated children, infected them with diseases and made brutal attempts at twins. Mengele sent eyes, organs and whole body parts back to Berlin. In June 1944, he sent the head of a 12-year-old child. He fled Europe after the war and was never subjected to trial.
Remember Nazi genocide of sinti and rome
Release comes late
When Russia's Red Army arrived at Auschwitz on January 27, 1945, children were among the prisoners. But for sinti and rome liberation came too late. On the night of 2-3. In August 1944, the officers responsible for Auschwitz ordered the remaining "Gypsy Camp" sent to the gas chambers. Two children were crying out of the barracks the next morning and were subsequently murdered.
Remember Nazi genocide of Sinti and Roma
Racially persecuted  After the concentration camps were liberated, the Allied and German authorities issued survivors' certificates of racial persecution and imprisonment. Later, many were told that they had been pursued only for criminal reasons, and their claims for compensation were denied. Hildegard Reinhardt (above) lost her three young daughters in Auschwitz.
Recalling Nazi genocide of Sinti and Roma
Call for Recognition
] In the early 1980s representatives of Sinti and Roma communities launched a hunger strike at the entrance to the former Dachau concentration camp. They protested the criminalization of their minority and called for the recognition of Nazi persecution. In 1982, Chancellor Helmut Schmidt officially recognized the Sinti and the Roma as victims of Nazi genocide.
Remembers Nazi genocide in Sinti and Rome
A memorial in Berlin
In 2012, a memorial to Sinti and Roma victims of Nazi persecution raised near the Bundestag in Berlin. The site is a reminder of the fight against discrimination for the world's saints and Roma, especially on the international Roma day. So far, members of minorities still have discrimination in Germany and in Europe.
rs / rt (AP, AFP, dpa)
Every night, DW's editors send a selection of today's hard news and quality features of journalism. You can sign up to receive it here.