WASHINGTON (Reuters) – On the day that their conversations in Hanoi collapsed last month, US President Donald Trump gave North Korean leader Kim Jong Un a piece of paper that included a blunt call for Pyongyang & # 39 transfer; s nuclear weapons and bomb fuel for the United States, according to the document seen by Reuters.
FILE PHOTO: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and US President Donald Trump are listening to media questions during their bilateral meeting in the second North Korea US. Summit of the Metropole Hotel in Hanoi, Vietnam on February 28, 2019. REUTERS / Leah Millis / File Photo
Trump gave Kim both Korean and English-language versions of the US position in Hanoi's Metropole hotel on February 28, according to A source is aware of the discussions and speaks on condition of anonymity. It was the first time that Trump himself had explicitly defined what he meant by denuclearisation directly to Kim, the source said.
A lunch between the two leaders was canceled the same day. While each page has not provided a full account of why the Summit collapsed, the document can help explain it.
The document's existence was first mentioned by the White House National Security Adviser John Bolton in television interviews he gave after the two-day summit. Bolton did not publish in these interviews the pivotal American expectation contained in the document that North Korea should transfer its nuclear weapons and fissile materials to the United States.
The document appeared to represent Bolton's long-standing and hard "Libya model" of denuclearisation, which North Korea has repeatedly rejected. It would probably have been seen by Kim as abusive and provocative, analysts said.
Trump had previously dissociated himself from public comments from Bolton's approach and said that a "Libya model" would only be hired if an agreement could not be reached.
The idea of North Korea, which handed over its weapons, was first proposed by Bolton in 2004. He resurrected the proposal last year when Trump called him national security advisor.
The document should give the North Koreans a clear and precise definition of what the United States meant as "final, fully verifiable, denuclearisation", the source known for discussions says.
The White House did not respond promptly to a request for comment. The Ministry of State refused to comment on what would be a classified document.
Following the summit, a North Korean official accused Bolton and State Secretary Mike Pompeo of "gangster-like" claims and said Pyongyang was considering suspending negotiations with the United States and perhaps reconsidering his self-imposed ban on missile and nuclear tests.
The English version of the document, seen by Reuters, called for "complete dismantling of North Korea's nuclear infrastructure, chemical and biological warfare program and related dual-use capabilities; and ballistic missiles, launchers and associated facilities."
Over the call for the transfer of Pyongyang's nuclear weapons and bomb fuel, the document had four other important points.
It called on North Korea to provide a comprehensive statement on its nuclear program and full access to US and international inspectors; to stop all related activities and construction of new facilities to eliminate all nuclear infrastructures and to transfer all nuclear program researchers and technicians to commercial activities.
The summit in Vietnam's capital was cut short after Trump and Kim had not reached an agreement on the extent of economic sanction aid to North Korea instead of its steps to abandon its nuclear program.
The first summit between Trump and Kim, which took place in Singapore in June 2018, was almost abolished after the North Koreans rejected Bolton's repeated demand for it to follow a denuclearisation model under which components of Libya's nuclear program were sent to The United States in 2004.
Seven years after the US-Liberal leader, Muammar Gaddafi, reached a US Declaration Agreement, the United States participated in a NATO-led military operation against his government and he was overthrown by rebels and killed.
MISERABLE FATE & # 39;
Last year, North Korean officials called Bolton's plan "absurd" and noted the "miserable fate" that took place in Gaddafi.
After North Korea threatened to cancel the Singapore Summit, Trump said in May 2018 that he did not pursue a "Libya model" and that he was looking for an agreement that would protect Kim.
"He would be there, he would drive his country, his land would be very rich," Trump said at that time.
"The Libya model was a very different model. We decimated this country," Trump added.
The Hanoi document was presented in which US officials have said was an attempt by Trump to secure a "big deal" where all sanctions would be lifted if North Korea abandoned all its weapons.
US-North Korean engagement has been shown to be in limbo since the Hanoi meeting. Pompeo said on March 4 that he was hoping he could send a team to North Korea "for the next few weeks", but there have been no signs of it.
Jenny Town, a North Korea expert at the Washington-based Stimson Center think tank, said the content of the US document was not surprising.
"That's what Bolton wanted from the beginning, and that wouldn't work," Town said. "If the US were really serious about negotiations, they had already learned that this was not an approach they could take."
City added: "It has already been rejected more than once and to keep it up … would be quite offensive. It is a non-starter and reflects absolutely no learning curve in the process."
North Korea has repeatedly rejected unilateral disarmament and claims that its weapons program is necessary for defense, a belief reinforced by the fate of Gaddafi and others.
In an interview with ABC's "This Week" program after the Hanoi Summit, Bolton said that the North Koreans had committed themselves to nuclear phenomena in various forms several times "that they happily violated."
"We define denuclearisation as meaning the removal of their nuclear weapons program, their uranium enrichment ability, their plutonium reprocessing capacity," Bolton said.
Asked who the author of the document, Bolton said it was "written at employee level and cleared as usual."
Reporting of Lesley Wroughton and David Brunnstrom; Editing by Mary Milliken and Will Dunham