Brussels, Belgium – As voting approaches a close across the EU, the first closure studies suggest that this election in the European Parliament has had a higher turnout than normal and that the power balance is likely to change in chamber.
Given an increase in support for far right and nationalist parties at national level in recent years, the elections have been highly portrayed as a blow between the pro-European business and its Eurosceptic contenders.
More than 400 million Europeans in 28 Member States were summoned to the four-day ballot box to elect 751 members of the EU's only directly elected body. Brexiting Britain and the Netherlands rejected the election, which takes place every five years, on Thursday. On Sunday, 21
The European Parliament is responsible for selecting the next President of the European Commission and is responsible for deciding on the annual budget of the EU with the EU Councils overseeing the work of the EU institutions. Although it cannot initiate legislation which is the Commission's view, it can adopt and amend it.
The elections to the European Parliament are usually considered "secondary" polls by citizens who have traditionally used them to vent their frustrations with their own national governments with "protest votes". Turnout has been steadily declining since being held for the first time in 1979.
But turnout estimates indicate that this year may be able to bear that trend.
By dinner 14.4 percent of eligible voters had gone to the polls in Poland, almost twice as many as in 2014.
At an early evening ] put an EU spokesperson on the official election forecast of 51 percent for 27 countries except the UK.
In the last European Parliament elections in 2014, 42.6 percent of eligible voters voted.
The two main political groups of the European Parliament, the Central European People's Party (EPP) and the Center- The Left Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) are both on course to lose 43 and 38 seats respectively, according to a merger of 11 national estimates and voting intentions where these were not available – disturbing their domination and making this parliament most fragile
EPP, whose leading candidate is Manfred Weber of the German Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU), is currently the largest group in the European Parliament and holds all three EU top jobs.
] As alliances tend to form on the basis of a question-for-question basis, it means that it may become more difficult to form majorities.
There are eight political groups that national parties can currently participate in. The centrist, the Liberal Alliance for Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) and the Greens are likely to play a more central role in future decision making. The Left-wing European Left / Nordic Green Left (GUE / NGL) is projected to lose 10 seats.
Right-wing parties led by Italy's fire minister and co-minister Prime Minister Matteo Salvini are expected to win 57 seats, 21 more than in the last legislature.
Along with a number of other Eurosceptic and nationalist parties that are part of the European Conservative and Reformist Group (ECR) as the Polish law and justice, you want to take power back from Brussels and transfer it back to national governments.
However, these parties are very divided into some issues such as the budget, Russia's role and migration, raising questions about how coherent a front they can shape in parliament.
Preliminary results: see the Socialists
In the Netherlands, the voters put Labor Party ahead of the ruling conservative VVD party led by Mark Rutte. The two votes of 18 and 15 percent respectively, a surprise result that will strengthen the first Vice President of the European Commission Frans Timmermans, who heads the Labor Party, and is S & D & 3939s main candidate for the Presidency of the European Commission.  The upstart far right Forum for Democracy (FvD) and its flamboyant 36-year-old leader, Thierry Baudet, was considered Rutte's biggest rival after the party was first held in the provincial elections earlier this year. It is in fourth place.
In Germany, the CDU / CSU center-right political alliance, which includes Chancellor Angela Merkel's party, is the largest party with 28 percent of the stock, but it is the green ones that seem to be on track to bring home the best results 22 percent vote.
"This does not mean that we will see dramatic changes in the balance of power of political forces over what we expected a few days ago," Doru Frantescu, the CEO of Brussels-based think tank Votewatch Europe, told Al Jazeera.
"We see changes to the left between the political families where the Greens take more places than expected, but take those seats from the socialists," he explained, adding that the crash of the socialists seemed to be greater than expected despite the progress achieved in the Netherlands, which has only five seats in the European Parliament.
"This is signaled by the result in Germany, where the greens have for the first time passed he socialists."
In Austria, the right-wing Austrian Freedom Party (FPO) does not seem to have a little massive election loss after the "Ibiza Gate" The video – it matches a third of 17.5 percent behind Austria's People's Party (34.5 percent) and Austria's Social Democratic Party (23.5 percent).
FPO, an important ally of Salvinis Coalition for a "Europe of Nations", was hit by a scandal after a secretly filmed video induced by its leader and Austrian Vice-Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache, offering lucrative public contracts in exchange for campaign support for a woman who is a niece of a Russian oligarch. The Austrian government is witnessing a large number of dismissals by senior ministers and is facing a vote of confidence on Monday.