قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ World https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ China is beating down North Korean defects, activists say

China is beating down North Korean defects, activists say



The network was created by Korean priests inspired by the underground railway. The secret passages that relaxed African Americans used to flee to free states from the late 1700s to the American Civil War.

The attacks "have become more intense recently," said Ji Seong-ho, a defector and president of Nu Action and Unity for Human Rights (NAUH), a group working to improve human rights in North Korea. "There seem to be five to seven arrests each month. Refugees flee in a group, so up to 20-30 people are arrested each month," Ji said.

Due to the secret care of everything about North Korea, CNN cannot independently verify the numbers.

But Reuters, who first reported the crash, said at least 30 North Korean refugees have been caught in China since mid-April, referring to activist groups and family members.

Most North Koreans flying across the northern border to China are trying to reach South Korea to find a better life away from a regime that controls all aspects of their lives.

China, a closely associated with Pyongyang, does not consider North Korean defective refugees, but sees them as illegal economic migrants. According to a border agreement with North Korea, it is abolished with power.

Once back in North Korea, defective people face potential torture, sexual violence, hard work, imprisonment in political or re-education camps, or even the execution of the North Korean state, according to activists.

In a statement given to CNN, a spokesman for the Foreign Ministry of China repeated the country's long-standing policy that North Korea, which is entering China illegally for economic reasons, is not refugees.

The statement added that "China is sticking to the principles and attitudes that combine domestic international laws and humanitarian spirits" when dealing with Norwegians illegally entering China.

"Underground Railroad"

] The high stakes risks that come with being caught mean that the active activists and rescuers work extremely carefully to get defects from China and the underground Net is secret.

"Every single cell knows nothing about the others to avoid compromising the whole operation if one of them gets caught," Tim Peters, an American pastor co-foundering an NGO called helping hands to help the defects with to escape, recently told CNN.

Although arrests of defects are not new, several activists say it is becoming more common.

"This year, it was very rare for the fugitives to be caught in the safe house," said YH Kim, President of North Korea's Refugee Human Rights Association Korea. China has "ramped up their crashes," he said.

Ji said arrests used to occur in certain regions, but "now it is everywhere in China."

In April, seven North Korean defects, including a 1

0-year-old girl, were caught by Chinese authorities while attempting to flee to South Korea. Kim said the captured seven are still in Chinese custody.

Human Rights Watch has urged Beijing to protect the fugitives and "end its compassion for North Korean rights violations by ending the practice of forcing back fugitive North Koreans."
  North Korean defector: If you don't have money or power, you die in a ditch
There are no official statistics showing exactly how many North Koreans have fled their country, which is home to about 25 million people. South Korea says it has welcomed over 32,000 defectors since 1998. Last year, the country received 1,137 defects – and 85% of them were women.

In a statement to CNN, an official from the South Korean Foreign Ministry Affairs said the country's government has made "diplomatic efforts" to prevent North Korean refugees from being forced to repatriate "and go wherever they want."

Normally, fees have paid brokers to organize their secure passage to China, according to NGOs and defector accounts. But many facial exploitation, abuse and risk are being sold for sexual slavery or as brides to Chinese men.

Previously, the deficiencies crossed the Gobi Desert in Mongolia in order to reach the South Korean embassy in the capital Ulaanbaatar. But that route ended in 2010 when Ulaanbaatar reintroduced strong diplomatic relations with North Korea.

The only option left was to go south through China, in Southeast Asia, hoping to reach a country that would not return North Korean refugees.

& # 39; Growing Anxiety & # 39; in North Korea

Ji, whose group NAUH claims to have helped rescue 60 refugees this year, said the North Korean leader Kim Jong Un summit and US President Donald Trump, who ended without agreement, could be partly behind the crash .

The two leaders could not reach a nuclear agreement at their second summit in Hanoi, Vietnam in February, and the tensions have since escalated between the two countries with Nuclear negotiations standing.

"After the Hanoi summit failed, the North Korean government was tense," Ji said. "There is an increased agitation among North Korean residents."

Within the country, Ji said the market activity was strangled and the distribution became harder.

"Part of it is the sanctions," he said. "Another is money transfer to North Korea from defective outside being blocked. It's done to control the people, but the money was also the source of energy to ease the market."

As negotiations between North Korea and the US stable, the ties between North Korea and China look up.

Until recently, the relationship between the two countries had been in a deep chill under Kim Jong Un. But an unexpected visit by Kim to China to meet with Chinese President Xi Jinping in March 2018 signaled the beginning of a new era of the Beijing-Pyongyang relations.

"From last year, through the summit with Xi, the relationship between North Korea and China was getting closer. It suggests that China is more likely to cooperate with North Korea," said Cheong Seong-chang, Vice President of Research Planning at Sejong Institute.

But tighter relations with China signal bad news for escape.

"Earlier, when the relationship between China and North Korea became closer, the crash intensified. And when they are distant, the breakdown also escapes," Cheong said.

Xi visits Pyongyang

[19659007] On Thursday, Xi arrived in Pyongyang for his first official trip to North Korea since coming to power in 2012 – and the first visit of a Chinese leader for 14 years.

Kang Cheol-hwan, director of the North Korea Strategic Center, said high-level visits between the two countries often speak of strengthening security at their common border.

"Every time Kim Jong Un visits China, he asks them to help maintain his regime by securing the border. The Chinese government is dissatisfied with North Korea, it uses the limit as leverage. Xi's visit to the Pyongyang signals (a) strengthened the crash, "Kang said.

After Kim Jong Un came to power in 2011, border security was tightened to avoid the bad mention of errors and prevent information about North Korea trickling into the country, according to Peters, the American priest. An electric stack was added, as well as border cameras, he said.

"On the Chinese side, patrols were also increased because Beijing is afraid that an influx of refugees could destabilize its own regime," Peters recently told CNN.

Activists say the effects of sanctions and the fallout from the failed summit are heading to North Korean citizens who are increasingly hearing more about the outside world through illegal DVDs or USB sticks smuggled into the country or via foreign radio .

Kang said he believes that the number of North Koreans wishing to escape has increased ", but the actual number had fallen due to completing the lock down the border."

"On the border, the Chinese authorities had hung security cameras everywhere and fenced in the length. It's not easy." For North Koreans dreaming of a better life, the already dangerous journey to escape is now more dangerous than ever.

Journalists Julie Zaugg contributed.


Source link