BRASILIA (Reuters) – Government of Brazil's right-wing president Jair Bolsonaro has rejected an appeal by a UN expert not to revise the Brazilian history by refusing a military coup in 1964.
FILE PHOTO: Brazilian soldiers attending a military ceremony to mark two decades of military dictatorship, which began March 31, 1964, at the Army headquarters in Brasilia, Brazil, March 29, 2019. REUTERS / Ueslei Marcelino / File Photo
In a letter to the UN Human Rights Commission in Geneva was released on Thursday, and the government said it "condemns the basic claims" of the United Nations expert who criticized Bolsonaro's decision to celebrate the 1964 military stand as an attempt to violate rights.
"President Bolsonaro has reiterated his understanding that the 1964 movement was necessary to avert the growing threat of a communist takeover of Brazil and to ensure the preservation of the national institutions during the Cold War," the letter.
According to Bolsonaro, the overthrow of an elected left-wing government was not a coup d'état, but a legitimate movement supported by the country's congress and judiciary and most Brazilians, the letter said.
Brazil's armed forces on Sunday salute the 1964 coup, which led to a two-decade military dictatorship on behalf of Bolsonaro, who turned an eight-year ban on celebration.
The move touched debate and stressed Bolsonaro's support for a military government that carried hundreds, tortured thousands, closed congresses and left most Brazilians with dark memories from the period.
Two days earlier in Geneva, Fabian Salvioli, the u.N. an expert who wrote the letter and a human rights lawyer and professor called on the Bolsonaro government to reconsider the sanctification.
"Attempting to revise history and justify or condemn brutal human rights violations of the past must be clearly rejected by all authorities and society as a whole," said Salvioli.
Bolsonaro, a former army captain, has long praised the military government in 1964-85 and often said that the biggest mistake did not kill enough leftists.
Pushing U.N. The appeal away, his government goes on with rewriting history.
Minister of Education Ricardo Velez said in an interview published Wednesday that school history books will be edited to give a "broader" picture of what happened in 1964.
He told Valor Economico that there was no Any coup and the military regime that followed was not a dictatorship.
Reporting Anthony Boadle