BEIRUT, Lebanon – A Saudi mobile application that lets men track and restrict the movements of women in the kingdom has come under increased scrutiny this week with a U.S. Senator and rights groups urging Apple and Google to remove it from their platforms, accusing the technology giants of facilitating gender discrimination.
Saudi guardianship laws give women a legal status similar to that of minors in many areas of their lives. Every Saudi woman, regardless of age, has a male "guardian," usually her father or husband, but sometimes her brother or son, who must give his permission for a passport, travel abroad, undergo certain medical procedures or get married
Absher, which roughly translates as "yes sir," can be downloaded from both the Google Play store and Apple's app store, which critics say makes the tech companies complicate in the repression of Saudi women.
The effort to pull Absher from the platforms got a boost this week when Sen. Ron Wyden, an Oregon Democrat, demanded as much in a letter to the two companies.
"It is news that the Saudi monarchy seeks to restrict and repress Saudi women, but American companies do not allow or facilitate the Saudi government's patriarchy , "Senator Wyden wrote in the letter, which was released on Monday.
Addressing Tim Cook and Sundar Pichai, the chief executive officers of Apple and Google, Senator Wyden said the companies were" making it easier for Saudi men to control their family members from the convenience of their smartphones and restrict their movement. ”
He requested that they prevent their companies from being used by the Saudi government to enable the abhorrent surveillance and control of women.
Representatives Of Apple and the Saudi government did not immediately respond to requests for comment. Google spokesman confirmed that the company is assessing the app if it is in accordance with its policies. [Saudi Arabia] has one of the world's most restrictive environments for women, although the country's de facto ruler, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman , has pushed to loosen some constraints since his father, King Salman, ascended the throne in 2015.
Since then, the kingdom has eased restrictions on women's dress, expanded the range of fields for women in the work force and began offering physical education classes for girls in government schools. Last year, Saudi Arabia lifted a longstanding ban on female drivers, a move as a major milestone.
But critics say that women are not equality as long as the kingdom maintains its guardianship laws.
of government services, from paying traffic tickets to applying for new identification cards. The controls on women are just one of its functions.
The repression of Saudi women jumped into the headlines of 18-year-old Saudi, Rahaf Alqunun, barricaded himself in a hotel room in the Bangkok airport to avoid being returned to her family. She had slipped away from her family during a holiday in Kuwait and boarded a plane for Thailand, but was stopped in the airport. She was later granted asylum in Canada
Another Saudi women who had fled the kingdom for Australia covertly using her father's phone to access Absher and give herself permission to travel, allowing her to leave the country undetected. groups including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have long campaigned for guardianship laws to be repealed, but the targeting of Absher and its availability on Western tech platforms is new.
Hala Aldosary, a Saudi scholar and activist based in the United States, said that the removal of the app by Apple and Google could send an important message to leaders like Prince Mohammed, who have sought out partnerships with global tech firms in efforts to enhance their economies.
"If the tech companies would say," You are being oppressive, "that would mean a lot," Ms. Aldosary said.
But the app would not get rid of the country's guardianship laws, but it could change their female relatives' status online or in government offices.
"The app is a means to end, but it's not the end, ”she said. "But it does make the lives of guardians easier."
When asked about Absher in an interview with National Public Radio on Monday, Mr.
But both companies have responded to similar campaigns to remove apps in some.
But both companies have responded to similar campaigns to remove apps in some. cases.
In December, Apple removed a religious app from its online store that portrayed being gay as "a sickness" and "a sin" after a campaign by a gay rights group, NBC News reported.