Ford has already submitted a new Ranger emission test plan, but it still needs regulatory approval. Other vehicles are likely to follow, but we do not know which specific ones are at this time. Ford is still likely to face tough economic sanctions for emission violations. "When people don't play the rules and they create more pollution … we'll catch the ones we want to keep them accountable," said EPA administrator Andrew Wheeler.
Unlike Volkswagen, we can confirm that no so-called defeat units are involved in this situation, but rather the way in which the automaker tests new vehicle emissions. This method at least, according to whistleblowers, gives incorrect results.