Does a bottle of wine really drink the same as smoking 10 cigarettes?
That's if you're a woman. At least, the conclusion researchers at the University of Southampton, UK, came to an article published in the journal BMC Public Health.
The authors of the study say they have calculated the increased absolute lifetime risk of alcohol-related cancer associated with a weekly bottle of wine and compared to the increased absolute cancer risk associated with a 10-cigarette-a-week habit.
Men do a little better. For them, one bottle corresponds to five cigarettes.
Using data collected by Cancer Research UK, the team calculated the increased absolute lifetime cancer risk for non-smokers for a bottle of wine per week. For women, this increase was 1
While no one claims that excessive drinking is good for you, there are some important limitations to the study.
David Spiegelhalter, Winton's Public Risk Understanding Professor at Cambridge University, who was not involved in the study, points out that the overall health impact of moderate drinking water is "still contested".  At the same time, John Britton, director of the United Kingdom's Tobacco and Alcohol Studies Center at the University of Nottingham, explains that by smokers, risks to a number of other serious disorders ] are not considered of the study – for example, cardiovascular disease.
"I'm not sure this study adds much that is useful," he added.
Jane Green, co-director of the cancer epidemic ology unit at the University of Oxford, says it's about "context". After all, 1 percent or so may not seem so sensational when considering the risk of life for men and women in the UK, already at 50 percent.
"The average UK drink reports drink about one bottle and a half a week a week, and the average smoker smokes about 10 cigarettes a day or 70 a week," she explained.
"This work confirms that smoking for most smokers has far greater risk of cancer than alcohol for most drinkers."
Yet, the study has some important initiatives.
"It is likely that the results of this simple study will have a profound impact on the way drinkers and especially female drinkers regard alcohol consumption risks," said Bob Patton, associate professor of clinical psychology at the University of Surrey, and points out that the risk rises disproportionately for heavier drivers, with three bottles per week equivalent to eight cigarettes per week for men, but 23 c per week for women.
"Seeing alcohol drink in the same light as cigarette smoking may well result in a decrease in consumption and its related damage."