A species of giant turtle supposed to have expired more than 100 years ago has been seen on the Galapagos Islands.
Ecuadorian Environment Minister Marcelo Mata announced that an adult female Fernandina Giant Tortoise had been discovered.
Many species of giant turtles were hunted for their meat by European and other colonists traveling to the Galapagos Archipelago.
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A sample of the giant Galapagos turtle Chelonoidis phantasticus who believed to be gone about a century ago, seen in the Galapagos National Park on Santa Cruz Island in the Galapagos Archipelago.
An adult female Fernandina Giant Tortoise (Chelonoidis Phantasticus) was discovered by members of the Galapagos National Park and the American NGO Galapagos Conservancy [afbildet] 19659011] The observation came during an expedition to the island Fernandina in the western Ecuadorian part of the archipelago funded by Animal Planet for a forthcoming documentary series titled & # 39; Excluded or Alive & # 39;
Expedition leader Forrest Galante crossed a three-mile stretch of hardened lava flow and found the animal buried deep under a pile of brush.
& # 39; As a biologist and one who has dedicated my life to the practice of animals that believed extinct, this is by far my greatest scientific achievement and proudest moment, & # 39; said Mr Galante.
Much like lonely George was an icon of extinction, I think she can become an icon of wildlife hope. She is the rarest turtle, if not animal, around the world and one of the greatest discoveries of Galapagos in the last century. & # 39;
Annihilation weaves large for the animal, and its greatest existential threat is considered volcanic activity and lava.
It is the youngest and most volcanic active of all the Galapagos Islands.
The turtle was found by members of the Galapagos National Park and the American NGO Galapagos Conservancy.
The Fernandina Giant Tortoise is one of 14 giant tortoises in Galapagos, but only ten are believed to have survived human colonization and hunted for food.
She has a large body, smooth skin and a pink head, but no other details have been revealed.
Susanna Dinnage, world president of Animal Planet added: "We have moved and excited about this historical news.
& As the extinction of the animal is widely discussed, it gives us great hope that some species will survive the odds and that at Animal Planet we can do our bit to celebrate and support them.
A tweet from Mr Mata included a picture of the reptile and the only other known sample was assembled in 1906.  A spokesman for the Galapagos Conservancy said: "While believed to be extinct due to volcanic eruptions in the past centuries, anecdotal observations suggest that there may still be very few left on the island. "
Anecdotal evidence and unconfirmed observations have since been reported, but it was formally noted on the IUCN's red list as" critically endangered (possibly extinct).
Studies and expeditions have previously shown evidence of scat.
& # 39; These observations and signs, although verification is required through more extensive studies, indicate the possibility that the species may remain in extremely small numbers, said the IUCN.
No other details have been published on the rediscovery of the species that long-term death must extinguish, the woman has a large body, smooth skin and a pink head
Anecdotal evidence and unconfirmed observations have been reported since, but it was formally listed on the IUCN's red list as "critically endangered (possibly extinct)". Studies and expeditions have proved evidence of scat earlier
The sight came during an expedition to the island of Fernandina in the western Ecuadorian region of the archipelago. It is the youngest and most volcanic active of all the Galapagos Islands
Anecdotal evidence and unconfirmed observations have been reported since, but it was formally listed on the IUCN's red list as "critically endangered (possibly extinct)". Studies and expeditions have proven to be a scat in the past
In 2015, Ecuador announced the discovery of a new turtle species on another island in Galapagos, called Santa Cruz.
It's called Chelonoidis donfaustoi in honor of Fausto Llerena who took care of Lonesome George, a male Pinta Island turtle (Chelonoidis abingdonii) and the last known person of its species.
Lonesome George died in 2012, and the researchers believe that turtles first arrived in Galapagos two to three million years ago after driving 600 miles from the South American coast on vegetation rafts.
Charles Darwin visited Galapagos for five weeks on his second journey, and they appeared in his writings and played an important role in the evolution of the theory of evolution.
19659003] He observed various finches on different islands, but theorized they had evolved from the same species.
Differences in beak size and shape married the available food sources on the respective islands and brought the theory of natural selection.
WHAT IS THE ENDANGERED "RED LIST"?
Species on the endangered red list are animals with the highest conservation priority that need "emergency action" to save.
An Amber list reserved for the second most critical
- Globally threatened
- Historical population decline in the United Kingdom in 1800-1995
- Severe (at least 50 percent) decline in British breeding population over last 25 years  Serious (at least 50 percent) contraction of British breeding assortment over the last 25 years
Last year in the UK several species were added to the list.  These included:
- Atlantic Spuffin
- Long-tailed duck
- Turtle pigeon